ALZHEIMER - FIND RELATED DISEASES

SIGNS SYMPTOMS / ALZHEIMER - FIND RELATED DISEASES
Related diseases / syndromes to (Alzheimer) including facts and information available:
ALZHEIMER DISEASE, FAMILIAL / DEFINITION
familial alzheimer's disease (fad) is a very rare form of alzheimer's disease that affects people aged 20 to 65. this condition is inherited in an "autosomal dominant fashion". as its name suggest, familial ad occurs in patients with 2 or more first-degree relatives with ad history. however, only 5% of the total alzheimer's disease account to familial ad. emil kraepelin first identified the symptoms of fad, while alois alzheimer observed the characteristic neuropathology of fad in 1906....
[ READ FULL ]
ALZHEIMER DISEASE, FAMILIAL / CLINICAL FEATURES
alzheimer disease usually occurs in old age. it is the most common form of dementia & invariably fatal after ten years of the first symptoms. the earliest sign of ad is unusual memory loss, particularly in recent memories, new events & names of people. as ad progresses, patients develop more serious problems, such as mood swings & inability to perform complex activities, such as writing. however, during the later stages of alzheimer disease, the patients completely forget how to do simple things, such as taking a bath. familial alzheimer disease is a very rare form of alzheimer's that develop earlier in life, before 65 years of age. while incidents of fad occurring before 50 are even rarer, these types of condition occur. there are several types of early-onset or familial ad. these are identified by the patient's genetics & other characteristics present, such as age of patient during onset. familial alzheimer's disease is usually indistinguishable from other types of the disease. however, amyloid deposits can be seen in the sections of brain tissue, which are visible under polarized light. these amyloid proteins form plaques, while the neurofibrillary tangle the process onto the memory centers of the brain. in very rare cases, the plaque may be uncharacteristic of alzheimer's, which only happen when a mutation in of the genes occur. as a result, a malformed, yet functional, protein is formed instead of ineffective genes that normally result during mutations....
[ READ FULL ]
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE / DEFINITION
alzheimer's disease, which is named after alois alzheimer, is a neurodegenerative disease that occurs in people aged 65 & over. this disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting over 20 million people worldwide. once alzheimer's has been diagnosed, the life expectancy of patients is around 7 years. only 3% of patients live for more than 10 years....
[ READ FULL ]
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE / TREATMENT
there is no available cure for alzheimer's disease. the medications available only offer benefits for patient's symptoms, but do not slow down the progression of the disease. however, behavioral & cognitive interventions as well as rehabilitation strategies may be used during the early to moderate stages of alzheimer's disease. therapies may include reminiscent therapy, counseling, psychotherapy, behavioral reinforcements, reality orientation therapy & cognitive rehabilitation training....
[ READ FULL ]
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE / SYMPTOMS & SIGNS
alzheimer's disease is divided into 4 stages with different symptoms for each stage. in the predementia stage, patients experience only mild cognitive difficulties. other symptoms include short-term memory loss, semantic memory impairments & subtle executive problems. depression & apathy may also occur. in the early stage, patients experience impairments in memory & learning. however, older memories are affected only slightly compared to learning new things & making new memories. in terms of language problems, shrinking vocabulary & decreased work frequency may occur. in the moderate dementia stage, patients slowly reduce the possibility of independence. language difficulties become noticeable & the ability to read & write are forgotten. complex motor sequences are also affected, making patients lose their ability to perform daily activities. long-term memory becomes impaired, while behavioral changes occur. irritability, outbursts, crying, aggression & physical violence also occurs. 30% of alzheimer's patients develop delusional symptoms. in the advanced stage of alzheimer's, patients cannot perform the simplest tasks alone. apathy, exhaustion & loss of verbal language also occur. patients will also experience muscle deterioration & inability to feed oneself....
[ READ FULL ]
ANOSMIA / DEFINITION
anosmia is a condition wherein patients experience the loss of temporary or permanent ability to smell. hyposmia is a related condition wherein patients experience a decrease in their ability to smell, while "hyperosmia" is a condition that causes an increase in the patient's ability to smell. however, when a person loses his sense of smell for a particular odor, he is suffering from a genetically based disorder called "specific anosmia". "congenital anosmia" refers to the condition wherein a person is born without the sense of smell. anosmia can be associated with other conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, zinc deficiency, cadmium poisoning, allergies, refsum disease, holoprosencephaly, alzheimer's disease, kallman syndrome & parkinson's disease....
[ READ FULL ]
BINSWANGER'S DISEASE / PROGNOSIS
bd is a progressive disease & has no cure. changes may start suddenly or gradually & then progress in a stepwise manner. bd can often occur with alzheimer's disease. behaviors that slow down the progression of diabetes, high blood pressure & atherosclerosis (such as eating a healthy diet & keeping healthy wake/sleep schedules, exercising & not smoking or drinking too much alcohol) can also slow down the progression of bd. binswanger's disease has no known treatment, let alone a cure, although drugs that are used to treat high blood pressure, depression, arrhythmia & low blood pressure can be used to treat the condition's symptoms....
[ READ FULL ]
CEREBRAL AMYLOID ANGIOPATHY / DEFINITION
cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a condition that affects the small blood vessels of the brain, wherein the amyloid protein associated with the alzheimer's disease is deposited in the vessel walls. this may result in brain diseases such as dementia, brain hemorrhage & stroke. patients with cerebral amyloid angiopathy are usually older than 65 years old, although it may also occur in those who are around 45 years of age. the disease prevalence increases with age & equally affects both men & women. cerebral amyloid angiopathy is responsible for 5-20% of brain hemorrhage occurrences & 30% of lobar hemorrhage....
[ READ FULL ]
CEREBRAL AMYLOID ANGIOPATHY / CAUSES
the cause for cerebral amyloid angiopathy may be genetic, but it can also occur sporadically. the condition is hereditary & chromosome 21 is responsible for the amyloid accumulation that results in the disease. sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy, however, is the more common cause & it is associated with the aging process. genetic factors related to acquiring cerebral amyloid angiopathy are: dutch genes with amyloidosis, flemish hereditary cerebral hemorrhage, familial alzheimer's disease & down syndrome....
[ READ FULL ]
DEMENTIA SENILIS / DEFINITION
dementia senilis, or senile dementia, is a mental illness common among the elderly. it is characterized by loss of attention span & short-term memory. it is considered an effect of alzheimer's disease....
[ READ FULL ]
INTERMITTENT EXPLOSIVE DISORDER / DIAGNOSIS
diagnosis is made when other mental disorders that may cause violent outbursts have been ruled out. furthermore, the acts of aggression must not be due to a general medical condition like a head injury, alzheimer's disease, etc., or due to substance abuse or medication. diagnosis is done using a psychiatric interview to affective & behavioral symptoms to the criteria listed in the dsm-iv....
[ READ FULL ]
KLUVER-BUCY SYNDROME / CAUSES
kluver-bucy syndrome in its complete adaptation rarely occur in humans, however partial infliction or presentation of this syndrome is caused by massive bilateral temporal damage attributable to herpes, degenerative disorders of the brain like pick's disease & alzheimer's disease or cerebrovascular diseases....
[ READ FULL ]
LEWY BODY DEMENTIA / DEFINITION
lewy body dementia is characterized as a gradually progressive disorder that primarily affects the brain. this comes with the loss of reason, memory as well as the ability to think. in most cases, lewy body dementia shares the many characteristics of parkinson's & alzheimer's....
[ READ FULL ]
LEWY BODY DISEASE / DEFINITION
lewy body dementia shares characteristics with both alzheimer's disease & parkinson's disease. it can also cause distinctive physical signs typical of parkinson's rigid muscles, slowed movement & tremors. lewy body dementia may also cause hallucinations....
[ READ FULL ]
LEWY BODY DISEASE / CAUSES
the cause of lewy body dementia isn't known. moreover, lewy bodies contain a protein associated with parkinson's. furthermore, lewy bodies often are found in the brains of people who have parkinson's or alzheimer's....
[ READ FULL ]
MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT / DEFINITION
mild cognitive impairment or mci for brevity, is said to be that part of transition from the cognitive change in the normal aging process & the alzheimer's disease. it has two types, to wit the amnestic mci & the nonamnestic mci....
[ READ FULL ]
MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT / TREATMENT
at the moment there is no treatment used particularly for the mild cognitive impairment. however, the use of donepezil may be used to treat alzheimer's disease. therapies may also includes supplements of antioxidants & administration of anti-inflammatory agents....
[ READ FULL ]
MYOCLONUS / CAUSES
myoclonic jerks may occur singly or sequentially, with or without a pattern, frequently or infrequently. although myoclonus can occur by itself, myoclonus is more commonly a sign of a wide range of neurological disorders; including multiple sclerosis, parkinson's disease, alzheimer's, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, creutzfeldt-jakob disease & some forms of epilepsy. myoclonus may be caused by lesions of the cortex, subcortex, or spinal cord. it may also result from an infection, a stroke, brain tumors, liver or kidney failure, lipid storage disease, chemical or drug poisoning, or other disorders....
[ READ FULL ]
NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES / DEFINITION
neurofibrillary tangles are pathological protein aggregates found within the neurons of patients identified as having alzheimer's disease. hyperphosphorylation of a protein associated with a microtubule is the one responsible for the formation of these tangles; causing it to gather together & accumulate in an insoluble form. along with alzheimer's disease, creutzfeldt-jakob & supranuclear palsy are some of the disease that is proven to be having the presence of neurofibrillary tangles. it was alois alzheimer, who described neurofibrillary tangles in one of his patients who have alzheimer's disease. these abnormal structures are found in various parts of the brain & known to be as one of the hallmarks of alzheimer's disease....
[ READ FULL ]
ORGANIC BRAIN SYNDROME / CAUSES
conditions associated with organic brain syndrome include alzheimer's disease, epilepsy meningitis, or withdrawal from drugs or alcohol. clinical depression, neuroses & psychoses may simultaneously occur with the obs....
[ READ FULL ]

1


Share on Google Plus Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn

Home | About | Contact | Privacy Policy | Sitemap
Copyright 2018 © SignsSymptoms.org - All Rights Reserved