Read about hypothyroidism medical facts: what is the definition of hypothyroidism, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat hypothyroidism, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related hypothyroidism diseases.

Definition: What is "hypothyroidism"?


Hypothyroidism is a condition characterized by insufficient production of the thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.

Symptoms & Signs

Hypothyroidism may result from a number of causes. The most common of which is iodine efficiency. This cause is most common in developing countries. In developed countries, the condition is often caused by a condition known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis. It may also be caused by a lack in thyroid or a deficiency in hormones on vital areas such as the pituitary or hypothalamus. Postpartum thyroiditis, a condition that affects around 5% women within 1 year after giving birth, can also cause hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism can also be inherited from parents.

Treatment: How to Treat "hypothyroidism"?

Individuals with hypothyroidism are provided with thyroid hormones usually in tablet form.


The symptoms of hypothyroidism is similar to the symptoms of other medical conditions. This is because thyroid hormone have many functions. It modulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein & fat, utilization of vitamins, digestive process, mitochondrial functions, nerve & muscle activity, oxygen utilization, blood flow, hormone secretion & sexual & reproductive health. This is why the thyroid is very important. The symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, poor muscle tone, constipation, intolerance to cold, weight gain, having thin & brittle fingernails, muscle cramps & joint pain, having thin, brittle hair, having dry, itchy skin & paleness.


Hypothyroidism is diagnosed by measuring the amount of thyroid-stimulating hormone being produced by the pituitary gland.

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