LEUKEMIA & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Leukemia"?
Leukemia is a type of cancer affecting the blood or bone marrow. It induces an abnormal production of white blood cells which in hinders the proper functioning of red blood cells.
Symptoms & Signs
Among the symptoms of leukemia are high amounts of white blood cells & low platelet count. Physical signs include frequent bruising, excessive bleeding & the development of pinprick bleeds. Other signs of leukemia include: fever, chills & night sweats, lethargy, loss of appetite, enlarged liver, bone & joint pains, swollen tonsils & paleness.
Treatment: How to Treat "Leukemia"?
Leukemia, whatever type it is, is generally treated by induction chemotherapy. This is the administration of chemotherapeutic drugs to kill the cancer cells in the bone marrow. CNS prophylaxis meanwhile is a preventive therapy that keeps the cancer from spreading into the nervous system. Patients also take maintenance drugs during recovery stage.
There is no specific cause of leukemia, but studies show that leukemia can be a result of ionizing radiation, exposure to some harmful chemicals, genetic predespositions & certain viruses.
The disease is diagnosed by various blood tests & persons with the disease usually have very low platelet & hemoglobin counts, as well as abnormally high white blood cell count.