ANTITRYPSIN & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Antitrypsin"?
Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency is a genetic defect caused by an abnormal production of alpha-1 antitrypsin, a protein that thrives in the liver cells. The lack of this protein may cause severe disorders in the different organs & weakness of the immune system.
Symptoms & Signs
People with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency suffer from shortness of breath, rales & ronchi. They are also more prone to emphysema & liver disease.
Treatment: How to Treat "Antitrypsin"?
Treatment of the disorder is done by intravenous infusions of alpha-1 antitrypsin that came from donated plasma. However, this treatment is not recommended to persons suffering from liver disease. Liver transplant may be needed for severe cases.
Apart from being a genetic defect, the disease can also be aggravated by cigarette smoking, since the airways & other respiratory organs need alpha 1-antitrypsin as their protection against the effects of nicotine.
Diagnosis can be done by genetic testing.