ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT INJURIES & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries"?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries are extreme stretching & tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee, which can either be complete or partial.
Symptoms & Signs
A perceptible crack or pop sound can be heard on the onset of injury. Extensive swelling on the frontal knee area following a feeling of instability is often observed. The injured would not be able to fully straighten the leg. Cardinal signs of inflammation like pain, swelling & tenderness will start to manifest immediately & progress.
Treatment: How to Treat "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries"?
Surgery can be carried out which is aimed at either repairing or reconstruction. Repairing involves suturing the torn ligament. There are two options for reconstructing a torn anterior cruciate ligament: Extraarticular technique which utilizes a structure outside the joint capsule like a part of hamstring tendon & Intraarticular technique which uses a portion from within the knee.
Common causes of anterior cruciate ligament injury include application of excessive twisting force to the knee while the foot is steadily planted on the ground or during landing, direct blow to the knee coming from the outside, which can happen while playing football or rugby.
If the doctor suspects anterior cruciate ligament injury, he will order an MRI to confirm the diagnosis & to assess other damage to the knee if there is any.