Read about aniridia medical facts: what is the definition of aniridia, medical treatment & how to treat aniridia, clinical features, and related aniridia diseases.

Definition: What is "Aniridia"?


Aniridia is an extremely rare congenital disease characterized by an underdevelopment of the patient's iris, which usually occur in both eyes. This condition is associated with very poor development of the retina at the back of the eye, which in turn, prevents normal vision development..

Treatment: How to Treat "Aniridia"?

Due to the high risk of cataracts & glaucoma, Aniridia sufferers need close observation by an ophthalmologist. Progressive glaucoma may persist from childhood into adulthood. Ophthalmologists may require you to take examinations to maximize visual functioning & controlling amelioriating light sensitivity. Some may even prescribe glasses or contact lenses because without iris functions, patients with Aniridia may become extremely sensitive to bright lights.

Clinical Features

Aniridia results in presence of iris stumps, relatively preserved vision, Limbal stem cell deficiency, corneal pannus, corneal epithelium, microcornea, sensory strabismus, nystagmus, glaucoma, lens subluxation, cataract, angle obstruction, foveal hypoplasia & optic nerve hypoplasia. Clinical features of Aniridia not related to the eyes include diabetes, abnormal sense of smell, unilateral polymicrogyria, reduced corpus callosum, WAGR syndrome, external genital anomalies & nephropathy.

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