ANAL CANCER & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Anal Cancer"?
Anal cancer is a type of cancer which arises from the anus, the distal orifice of the gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms & Signs
People with anal cancer may experience the following symptoms: Bleeding from the anal area, Pain or pressure in the anal area, itching or discharge from the anus, a lump or swelling near the anus, a change in bowel habits or change in the diameter of the stool, but sometimes, people with anal cancer do not show any of these symptoms.
Treatment: How to Treat "Anal Cancer"?
The treatment of anal cancer depends on the size & location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread & the patient's overall health, including if the patient has HIV. In many cases, a team of doctors will operate with the patient to determine the best treatment plan. For anal cancer, there are three major types of treatment: surgery, radiation therapy & chemotherapy.
Anal Cancer is caused by sexual activity, lowered immunity level; smoking cigarette smoking may increase a person's risk of developing anal cancer.
Doctors use many tests to diagnose cancer & tell if it has metastasized (spread). Some tests may also tell which treatments may be the most effective. For most types, a biopsy is the only way to make a definitive diagnosis of cancer, if it is not possible, the doctor may suggest other tests that will help make a diagnosis.