AMBIGUOUS GENITALIA & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Ambiguous Genitalia"?
Ambiguous genitalia is a very rare medical condition in which the external genitals of the newborn do not clearly appear if it's a male or female usually because it is not properly formed. This may cause serious social stigma & question to the baby's gender. In most cases, it is important to wait to determine to true gender of the child.
Symptoms & Signs
Symptoms of an ambiguous genitalia includes an enlargement of the clitoris that may seem to appear as a small penis, concealment of the vagina due to a closed midline groove. It can also be a urethral opening near the scrotum or the absence of the testicles.
Treatment: How to Treat "Ambiguous Genitalia"?
Treatment options for ambiguous genitalia may include reconstructive surgery as well as hormone therapy to correct the hormonal imbalance. It is important to first distinguish the proper gender of the child before making any surgical or medical procedure. Treatment may also be based on the severity of the case.
This medical condition is caused by a genetic anomaly due to the abnormality in the chromosomes that controls the development o the baby's sex organ. Other possible causes include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, mother's ingestion of substances that stimulate male hormone activity, tumors & impaired testicle development.
The first indication of an ambiguous genitalia is made through physical examination, after which a urine & blood test may be conducted to properly measure the hormone levels of the child. Chromosome analysis may also be conducted along with a biopsy of the reproductive organ produces male or female hormones.