Read about alopecia medical facts: what is the definition of alopecia, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat alopecia, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related alopecia diseases.

Definition: What is "Alopecia"?


Alopecia is the medical description for loss of hair from the body or head that sometimes lead to baldness, often unwelcome & unwanted. However, there are some individuals who display some psychological compulsion to forcibly pull out own hair. In some cases, hair loss can also present an underlying case for other medical concern such as iron deficiency.

Symptoms & Signs

Alopecia has several symptoms that vary depending on the type of hair loss. For male pattern baldness, signs include receding hairline & excessive hair fall. Female patterns include thinning of hair & excessive hair loss.

Treatment: How to Treat "Alopecia"?

Treatments for alopecia vary depending on the underlying cause of the condition. If it is found to be due to medication, drugs can be prescribed to correct the hormonal imbalance. Phototherapy is also seen as a potential treatment as well as maintaining a balanced nutrition.


Current medical evidences suggest that alopecia is primarily caused by the abnormality in the immune system, often leading to autoimmunity. The body's immune system then attacks its own hair follicles causing the disruption of the natural formation of the hair. Heredity & gene can also a play a role as one of the leading cause of alopecia, along with medication, chemotherapy-induced & stress-related effect.


Doctors will require a detailed report on medical history & symptoms & performs physical examination. Other supplementary tests include biopsy of the scalp & blood tests.

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