ALLERGIC RHINITIS & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Allergic Rhinitis"?
Allergic Rhinitis Also called Hay Fever. Defined as an inflammation of the nasal passages, usually presents with watery nasal discharge & itching of the nose & eyes.
Symptoms & Signs
Characteristic symptoms include repetitive sneezing; rhinorrhea (runny nose); post-nasal drip; nasal congestion; pruritic (itchy) eyes, ears, nose or throat; & remarkable feeling of being exhausted. Wheezing, eye tearing, sore throat & impaired smell are also remarkable traits of the disease.
Treatment: How to Treat "Allergic Rhinitis"?
The goal of treatment is to reduce the allergy symptoms. Avoiding exposure to allergen is thought to be the best treatment. Medicines to promote treatment include the administration of antihistamines to relieve mild to moderate symptoms, though sometimes cause drowsiness. Loratadine (Claritin) is non-drowsy & can be used without any negative effects in the learning ability of children. Longer-acting antihistamines are prescribed by doctors for its efficacy including fexofenadine & cetirizine.
Many perennial & seasonal allergens cause allergic rhinitis. The pollens causing hay fever differ from person to person & from region to region. Hard to see pollens usually trigger the condition.
Skin prick test using small amounts of allergen extract pricked into the skin to observe signs of allergic reactions. Allergy blood test measures the amount of allergy-causing antibodies in the bloodstream.