ALCOHOL FETOPATHY & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Alcohol fetopathy"?
Alcohol fetopathy is characterized by a series of congenital defects that affect the facial, cranial, cardiac & nueral abnormalities. This medical condition also involves mental & physical retardation that occur on infants arising from excessive alcohol intake by the mother during pregnancy.
Symptoms & Signs
The symptoms of alcohol fetopathy includes low birth weight, abnormal facial features, delayed growth, intellectual impairment, behavioral problems, speech & hearing impairment, Low IQ, growth deficiency, poor, hand-eye coordination, weak grasp, infant irritability, small head & childhood hyperactivity. Other key indicators include abnormal joint position & function, thin upper lip, short nose, maxillary hypoplasia, small distal phalanges, poor judgment, distractibility & the difficulty in recognizing social clues.
Treatment: How to Treat "Alcohol fetopathy"?
The primar`y treatment for this medical condition is total abstinence from alcohol. Supportive programs for mothers include detoxification & rehabilitation as well as aftercare programs to ensure long-term results. Establishing a good support group for alcoholic women is important. Acute intoxification can also be treated by preventing aspiration of vomitus, administering IV, correction acidosis & hypothermia..
Alcohol fetopathy is primarily caused by alcoholism in mother as well as serious prenatal alcohol exposure that leads to congenital defects to the infant.
Laboratory tests can be performed to confirm alcohol use & complications. Further testing may also assist in determining the increased levels of serum ammonia as well as amylase.