ALBINISM IMMUNODEFICIENCY: WHAT IS ALBINISM IMMUNODEFICIENCY?
Definition: What is "Albinism immunodeficiency"?
Albinism immunodeficiency is an unusual persistent disorder that involves multiple systems of the body & occurs from an alteration in the lysosomal trafficking regulator gene, LYST. Because of the destruction of lysosome degranulation with phagosomes phagocytosed bacteria are not damaged by the lysosome's enzymes. Additionally, emission of lytic secretory granules in the cytotoxic T cells is also distressed. Not only doe sit happen to humans but also to cattle, blue Persian cats, white tigers & orcas.
Symptoms & Signs
ò Light sensitivity ò Changing nystagmus upon light exposure ò Weakness ò Fever ò Cerebellar tremor ò Loss of coordination ò Paralysis/immobility ò Progressive peripheral neuropathy ò Enlarged/swollen liver ò Anemia ò Low blood platelet level ò Decreased level of leukocytes in blood ò Decreased level of platelets in blood ò Easy bruising ò Excessive/too much bleeding tendency ò Retarded growth
ò Death because of lymphoma & hemorrhage ò Death because of infection ò Lymphoma ò Leukemia
There are numerous signs of Albinism immunodeficiency though neutropenia appear to be the most usual. Albinism immunodeficiency is also related to oculocutaneous albinism. Patient who have oculocutaneous albinism are also prone to infections like Staph Aureus.