Read about albinism medical facts: what is the definition of albinism, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat albinism, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related albinism diseases.

Definition: What is "Albinism"?


Albinism is the term used to describe a heterogeneous group that display genetically determined disorders that are generally characterized by hypopigmentation that largely affects the eyes. This group of disorders will result to little or no melanin production; hence patients don't have melanin on their skin, eyes & hair. Albinos are quite sensitive to sun exposure & at significantly more at risk of developing skin cancer.

Symptoms & Signs

Due to hypopigmentation, albinos are unnaturally white & often display eye defects such as nystagmus, strabismus, myopia, photophobia or the hypersensitivity to bright lights, optic nerve hypoplasia & abnormal decussation of the fibers of the optic nerves in the optic chiasm.

Treatment: How to Treat "Albinism"?

This medical disorder couldnot be cured although there are some small solution that could help improve the patient's quality of life. One of the most important consideration is the improvement of vision, provide protection from bright lights & prevention of skin damage.


The underlying cause albinism is genetic mutation that resulted to the absence of melanin. In most common types of albinism, the albino inherits mutated gene from both parents in order to result to albinism. This means both mother & father are carriers of the mutated gene since one copy would not normally result to albinism.


A complete diagnostic of albinism includes physical examination, with special notes of the specific descriptions on the changes in pigmentation, thorough eye examination & a pigment history.

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