Read about acute renal failure medical facts: what is the definition of acute renal failure, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat acute renal failure, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related acute renal failure diseases.

Definition: What is "Acute renal failure"?


Acute renal failure is more popularly known as acute kidney failure or injury & is characterized by the rapid loss of renal utility that causes serious damage to the kidney. Depending on the durationg & the extent of the condition, the accumulation may also be accompanied with metabolic disturbances such as acidification of the blood, fluid balance changes & elevated postassium levels. This is a serious medical condition that requires immediate medical attention.

Symptoms & Signs

Often, this kidney disorder does not display any symptoms & often go unnoticed. Some key indicators of acute renal failure include rapid heart rate, dizziness, loss of appetite & vomiting, flan pains, little or no urine.

Treatment: How to Treat "Acute renal failure"?

Acute renal failure can be reversible if treatment is administered appropriately & promptly. iResuscitation or revival of normotension as well as cardiac output is the key in the treatment of acute renal failure. The primary interventions include monitoring fluid output & intake as closely as possible through the insertion of the urinary catheter. For people with severe renal failures, lifelong doalysis or kidney transplant are often required.


There are a number of underlying causes that can be associated with renal failure. The first category incolves causes triggered in the blood supply such as hypovolemia, hepatorenal syndrome & vascular problems. The next category involves damage to the kidney, which include infection such as sepsis, toxins, hemolysis & multiple myeloma. Post- due trenal causes can also be due to kidney stones & benign prostatic hypertrophy.


The diagnosis can be done through blood urea nitrogen tests & creatinine. For causes that are not apparent, large volume blood test & urine examination may be necessary as well as ultrasonography of the renal tract to check for possible obstruction of the renal tract.

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