ACUTE POSTERIOR MULTIFOCAL PLACOID PIGMENT EPITHELIOPATHY & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy"?
Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy definition: Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a unusual form of eye disease that mostly affects Caucasia people ranging from ages 20-30 years old. This medical condition is characterized by a patient's central vision either in one or both eyes is affected or vision is completely lost due to inflammation a at thed the buildup of fluid in the back of the eye.
Symptoms & Signs
Symptoms commonly include some visual disturbances, such as flashes of light & the appearance of blood cells in the retina. APMPPE can also cause patient's blurred vision, twinge at the back of the eyes, frequent headaches & eye redness. A light brown, yellow , or white opaque cluster can also be seen in the central vision.
Treatment: How to Treat "Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy"?
APMPPE is sually treated with immunosupressants & steroid therapy. However, treatments are known to be somewhat controversial but the consensus is that no treatment is currently available to alter the course of ocular lesions. In cases that are complicated by subretinal neovascularization, a surgical procedure known as laser photocoagulation mat prove useful.
The underlying causes of APMPPE is still not established. However, about one third of the patients with APMPPE reported history of upper respiratory infection or some other systemic illness.
The diagnosis of APMPPE include lumbar puncture to determine elevated protein that may be presnt in the spinal fluid & urinalysis to detect the presence of casts, proteinuria & lymphocytes that may indicate microvascular nepropathy.