ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia"?
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, otherwise known as acute lymphocytic leukemia is another form of cancer of the white blood cells. In this case, the immature & malignant white blood cells continues to multiply in an abnormally rapid thereby causing overproduction in the bone marrow. This disease causes damage & death by actively crowding out the Bone marrow's normal cells & spread to the other organs in the body. ALL is found to be common among children & young adults.
Symptoms & Signs
The initial symptoms of all are not specific but are known to worsen, requiring immediate medical attention. Among the known indicators include anemia, generalized fatigue & weakness, unexplained infections, fever & excessive bruising, weight loss, breathlessness, enlarged spleen & lymph nodes as well as joint pains.
Treatment: How to Treat "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia"?
The earlier detection of acute lymphocytic leukemia significantly increases the efficacy of the treatment, which basically aims to stimulate lasting remission. Treatment involves chemotheraphy, radiation therapy, use of steroids & a combination of intensive treatments that includes stem cell or bone marrow transplants.
The underlying cause of ALL is still not known. In general, the development of cancer is brought about by the damage to the patient's DNA which will lead to uncontrolled cellular growth that rapidly spreads through the different organs in the body. Such damage can be largely contributed by environmental factors such as radiation, drugs & chemicals. There are also some families that display a hereditary predisposition to ALL.
ALL is diagnosed through marrow & blood samples, showing abnormally high lymphocyte blasts. Results will also show the type of lymphocyte that are affected & the number & size of the leukemia cells.