ACUTE GOUTY ARTHRITIS & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Acute gouty arthritis"?
Acute gouty arthritis is characterized as sudden pain attacks in the joints, most especially in the legs & feet due to the buildup of uric acid in the joints. Gout is generally caused by an abnormality in the individual's metabolism which results to the proliferation if uric acid that consequently reduced the ability of the kidney to get rid of the uric acid. Patients suffering from sickle cell anemia, diabetes & obesity as well as kidney disorders are among the people who are most likely to develop acute gouty arthritis.
Symptoms & Signs
Patients with acute gouty arthritis may feel some unexpected bursts of severe pain in the joints, more frequently on the base of the big toe. Other pain areas include the shoulder, knee, elbow, ankle, arm joints & foot. Joints may also appear to be distended, hot & tender. Fever can also develop.
Treatment: How to Treat "Acute gouty arthritis"?
The good news for patients with gout is that it can be treated most of the time. Among the common medications prescribed for gout patients include NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-flammatory drugs that control the pain & inflammation, colchicines to effectively control gout & steroid medications, which can either be administered through injections or in pill form.
Gout is known to develop when the urate crystals are accumulated around the joint, which will cause intense pain & inflammation. Urate crystals usually form when a person has abnormally high levels of uric acid in the blood. The human body produces uric acid to effectively break down purine, a substance found in the body & in certain food groups.
There are several tests that can help detect acute gouty arthritis. Joint fluid tests, where fluid is drawn from the inflamed area can help reveal urate crystals. Blood examinations can also be used to measure the level of uric acid in the patient's blood.