ACUTE FEBRILE NEUTROPHILIC DERMATOSIS & TREATMENT
Definition: What is "Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis"?
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is more popularly known as Sweet's syndrome, which is a type of skin disorder characterized by sudden appearance of painful skin lesions & fever. This condition often appear on the patient's back, face, arms or neck & red bumps may rapidly increase in size & can possibly progress to blisters.
Symptoms & Signs
The skin lesions is the primary & most obvious sign of this medical condition. The bumps, which are also called plaques can grow to a centimeter in diameter or even larger & often appear on the neck, back, face & arms. Another indicators include pink eye (conjunctivitis), fatigue, moderate to high fever, headache & aching joints & mouth ulcers.
Treatment: How to Treat "Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis"?
In cases where Sweet's syndrome is not associated with malignancy, the skin disorder may disappear on its own without treatment. However, with the right treatment, skin lesions & other associated symptoms can dramatically disappear in 2-3 days. Doctors normally prescribe some systemic corticosteroids, oral anti-inflammatory medications that effectively lessen itching, redness, allergic reactions & swelling. Your doctor may also include intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen sodium to relieve & reduce symptoms such as headache & fever.
In most recorded medical cases, the underlying cause of this disease is undetermined. However, acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis may possibly follow upper respiratory infection among young adults. The condition may also be associated with several types of cancer such as leukemia & is also known to occur more on women between ages 30-50.
Sweet's syndrome can be detected with the distinctive rashes, which are painful & tender & can rapidly increase in size & progress to blisters. Blood samples can also be examined to check if there is an abnormal rise of white blood cells, one of the characteristic of Sweet's syndrome. Tissue samples can also be taken (biopsy of the affected area) to determine the characteristic abnormalities associated with this skin disorder.