Read about abscess medical facts: what is the definition of abscess, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat abscess, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related abscess diseases.

Definition: What is "Abscess"?


Abscess is a collection of pus or dead neutrophils that has mount up in a cavity made by the tissue on the basis of an infectious process or other foreign materials.

Symptoms & Signs

The cardinal symptoms & signs of any kind of inflammatory process are redness (rubor), heat (calor), swelling (tumor), pain (dolor) & loss of function. It may occur in any kind of solid tissue but most commonly on skin surface where they may be superficial pustules (boils) or deep skin abscesses.

Treatment: How to Treat "Abscess"?

Surgical intervention is often necessary for severe & dangerous infections. Debridement is the medical procedure which involves removal of dead skin tissues around & on the wound surface. Curettage is the scraping of dead skin cells & tissue to prevent contaminating the healthy cells & tissue close to the abscess. Administration of antibiotics & anti-inflammatory agents can reduce the pain & swelling of the wound.


Abscesses occur when an area of tissue becomes infected & the body's immune system tries to fight it. White blood cells drift to the blood vessel walls near the site of infection, accumulate & encourage pus formation as fluid, living & dead white blood cells, dead tissue & bacteria deposits accumulate.


Often, a sample of fluid will be taken from the abscess & tested to see what organism is causing the problem.

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