Read about 3c syndrome medical facts: what is the definition of 3c syndrome, what are the signs and symptoms, historical background, and related 3c syndrome diseases.

Definition: What is "3C Syndrome"?


3C syndrome is also known as cranio-cerebello cardiac (CCC dysplasia) or Ritscher-Schinzel (named after Ritscher & Schinzel who discovered the illness) & is a very rare case of disease. This syndrome is characterized by heart defects or heart malformations & other symptoms that involve the brain. As of 2006, a Kuwaiti medical journal showed that only 30 cases have been reported worldwide & these cases were discovered in Europe & North America. Due to the limited number of cases reported, this disease was classified as a rare type of illness. The molecular basis for this syndrome is still unknown.

Symptoms & Signs

Glaucoma is a very common symptom of 3C syndrome. Other characteristics include the following: 1. congenital heart ailments 2. damaged nasal bridge 3. a case where the patient Dandy-walks 4. a prominent forehead 5. a high-vaulted palate or a narrow palate 6. eyes that are wide set 7. cleft soft palate 8. bifid uvula 9. ears that are low-set 10. a big-sized head 11. stunted mental development 12. defects on speech functions 13. abnormal number of ribs 14. a case called Simian crease 15. large fontanelle 16. lung disease (chronic inflammatory) 17. a mouth that's held open 18 anteverted nostrils 19. an abnormal-sized nose (small) 21. retardation of psychomotor skills

Historical Background

It was in the year 1987 that Ritscher & Schinzel observed two subjects who showed the symptoms of the illness. The two subjects, who were sisters, showed malformations on their faces, posterior fossa & congenital heart defects. Following their observation, 20 more cases were reported wherein similar symptoms showed up. They soon named the illness 3C syndrome. Majority of those who suffered from the illness were children who were less than 6 years of age. One of the two subjects that were observed way back in 1987 still lives & she is the oldest living patient suffering from the illness.

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