DISEASES INDEX [M]

SIGNS SYMPTOMS / DISEASES INDEX [M]

Common Diseases List (M): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Mercury poisoning is also known as mercurialism, hydrargyria, Hunter-Russell syndrome, or acrodynia when the victims are children....
Merkel cell cancer is a rare form of cancer characterized by a bluish-red or flesh-colored nodule on the skin, particularly on the face, head, or neck of affected patients. It is also known as neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin & typically occurs in the elderly....
Mesenteric ischemia is a medical condition where inadequate blood supply inflames & injures the small intestine...
Mesentric lymphadenitis definition: Mesenteric lymphadenitis is a condition whereby there is an unusual inflammation of the lymph nodes usually seen & located at the fold of the membranes which usually is responsible for attaching the colon & other like organs to the abdominal wall....
By definition, mesothelioma is a form of cancer that is almost always likely caused by a prior exposure to asbestos; an exposure which causes malignant cells to develop in the mesothelium which is the protective lining that covers most of the body's internal organs. The most common site for these ca...
Metabolic acidosis definition: This is a process that if unchecked can lead acidemia in which blood pH is very low (less because of the increased production of H+ by the body as well as the inability of the body to form bicarbonate in the kidney....
Metabolic disorders have many types but they typically affect the production of energy in individual cells....
Metabolic syndrome pertains to a group of conditions related to metabolism that commonly occur together, increasing the risk for stroke, diabetes, heart disease & other health problems....
Metabolic syndrome x definition: Metabolic syndrome actually refers to a combination of several medical disorders which heighten the risk of developing cardiovascular disease & diabetes. Affecting a large demographic, its incidence & risk level increases with age with some current studies placing the American prevalence to be up to...
Metachondromatosis is a disease that affects bone growth, often tubular bones but may also involve the vertebrae. The disease can lead to multiple enchondromas & osteochondromas....
Metachromatic leukodystrophy or MLD is the most common type of leukodystrophies, a family of genetic disorders that affect myelin growth & development. Myelin is the fatty covering that insulates nerve fibers throughout the central & peripheral nervous systems. Metachromatic leukodystrophy is also a...
Metastatic cancer is a term used in reference to cancer that has spread from its origin to other organs or parts of the body. Only malignant or cancerous cells have the capacity to metastasize....
Metatropic dwarfism is an inherited skeletal dysplasia due to a defect in endochondral ossification. The abnormalities also show an association with defects in the longitudinal proliferation & maturation of chondrocytes as well as in the production of normal matrix....
Methaemoglobinaemia pertains to a disorder marked by the presence of abnormally high levels of methemoglobin (a type of hemoglobin that doesn't bind oxygen) in the blood, possibly leading to anemia & tissue hypoxia. Methaemoglobinaemia is also sometimes referred to as met-Hb....
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium responsible for difficult-to-treat infections in humans. It can also be referred to as multiple-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (ORSA). The organism is usually sub-categorized as Community-...
Methylmalonic acidemia definition: This autosomal genetic disorder is also called methylmalonic aciduria & one that particularly affects the body's branched-chain amino acids. It is considered a classical type of academia that is organic in origin....
Methylmalonyl-coenzyme a mutase deficiency definition: Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase deficiency is a congenital error of organic acid metabolism. The condition is one form of Methylmalonic acidemia....
Mevalonic aciduria is classified as a congenital metabolic disorder, which disrupts the body's production of cholesterol & isoprenoids. The disorder is also known as mevalonate kinase deficiency....
Meyenburg-Altherr-Uehlinger syndrome is also known as Polychondritis. It is an auto-immune disease in which the body's immune system starts to destroy cartilage tissues. It is a disease subclass in Rheumatology....
Michelin Tire Baby Syndrome is a congenital disorder in which an infant's forearms, lower legs & neck have multiple, symmetric, circumferential skin creases, but disappear as the infant grows. The creases resemble Michelin's, the tire manufacturer, mascot....
Microcephaly is a neurological disorder which results in an individual with a much smaller head circumference for individual's age & sex compared with the average head sizes....
Microcoria, congenital definition: Microcoria is a congenital disease linked with juvenile-onset glaucoma. The disease results in children with pupils narrower than 2 millimeters in diameter....
Microencephaly is a condition characterized by an individual's small head & neurological problems....
Microphthalmia means small eyes, which is a condition resulting from the absence of vitreous humor fluid causing the eyes' failure to enlarge....
Microscopic colitis refers to the colon's inflammatory conditions called collagenous colitis & lymphocytic colitis that are usually manifested through chronic watery diarrhea. The inflammation may occur in patches along the colon's lining in some people while in others, it manifests along the colon'...
Microscopic Hematuria is a condition whereby there is blood in the urine of the person but the same is visible only through the use of microscope. Unlike gross hematuria, or that kind of hematuria where by the person may see the usual manifestation of the blood in their urine....
Microscopic polyangiitis is an autoimmune disease resulting from the inflammation of blood vessels causing damage to the organ system....
Microsporidiosis definition: Microspridiosis is an intection of the intestine that may become life-threatening if the patient's immune system is weak....
Microtia, meatal atresia and conductive deafness definition: Microtia an inborn deformity of the outer ear, which may be only on one side or both sides. When only one side is affected, the right ear is usually affected....
Microvillus inclusion disease, also known as Davidson's disease, is a genetically inherited disorder of the small intestine....
Migraine comes form the Greek word hemicrania, which literally means "half (the) head." It is a neurological syndrome that causes various symptoms during an attack....
A migraine can be disabling with symptoms so severe, all you think about is finding a dark, quiet place to lie down. Up to 17 percent of women & 6 percent of men are experiencing migraine....
Migraine with Aura is a condition whereby the person experience unusual visual sensations during or before the attack of migrain. It is characterized by the appearance of blind spots & flashes of lights....
Mikulicz' disease definition: Mikulicz's disease involves enlarged lachrymal & salivary glands with a little autoimmune reactions & good response to glucocorticoids. A study suggests that it is an IgG4-related systemic disease....
Mikulicz syndrome is a condition in which the parotid, lacrimal or salivary glands are enlarged....
Mild cognitive impairment or MCI for brevity, is said to be that part of transition from the cognitive change in the normal aging process & the alzheimer's Disease. It has two types, to wit the Amnestic MCI & the Nonamnestic MCI....
Milia is a skin condition usually seen in infants where there are presence of tiny white goose bumps across the infant's nose & chin....
Miliaria rubra, also known as heat rash or prickly heat is a rash of small red bumps caused by blockage of the sweat glands. It may be due to excessive sweating, high fever or being over-bundled, where it is seen in commonly humid or hot tropical climates & it can sometimes cause itching, discomfort...
Milk allergy definition: Milk produced by cows is among the common allergy-causing dairy product, especially among children, However, majority of the cases of mild allergy, children outgrow this condition after a few years or so. Allergic reactions usually start after a few minutes of drinking milk, with symptoms ranging fr...
Miller Fisher Syndrome is a descending paralysis. It is the reverse variant of Guillain-BarrΘ syndrome. GBS exhibits an ascending paralysis from the legs spreading to the upper limbs & face with complete loss of deep tendon reflexes....
Miller-Dieker syndrome is a disease, which is characterised by the brain's developmental defect....
Milliaria most commonly known as heat rush or prickly heat, is a condition usually affecting children & even adults leaving in tropical climates where the weather is hot or humid. It occurs when the sweat ducts are blocked & the perspiration is stucked in the skin causing rashes & redness of the aff...
Mineral deficiency is characterized by the insufficiency of essential minerals that are vital in the functioning of the body's organ systems. Common types of mineral deficiency are inadequate levels of iodine, iron & calcium....
Minimal change disease is a kidney disease that is common among children. It is also known as lipoid nephrosis & nil disease....
Minkowski-chauffard disease definition: Minkowski-Chauffard syndrome is a type of hemolytic anemia that is by hemolysis, a process during which the red blood cells undergo an abnormal breakdown....
Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders relating to the mitochondria, the organelles that are the "powerhouses" of the eukaryotic cells that comprise higher-order lifeforms (including humans). The mitochondrion changes the energy of food molecules into the ATP that powers most cell functions...
Mitochondrial diseases definition: Mitochondrial disorders are disorders that affect the skeletal muscles as well as the heart muscles causing problems in the body's organs such as the nervous system, visual system, renal system and, digestive & circulatory systems....
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency is a disorder that prevents certain fats in the body to convert to energy, specifically during periods of no food....
Mitral atresia is a congenital defect wherein the mitral valve is closed prohibiting the flow of blood between the two heart chambers....
A valvular heart disease, Mitral valve prolapse is characterized by the displacement of an abnormally thickened mitral valve leaflet into the left atrium during systole. MVP, in its nonclassis form, carries a low risk of complications. Severe cases of MVP though may include complications such as inf...
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