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CANCER - FIND RELATED DISEASES

Related diseases / syndromes to (cancer) including facts and information available:
17-BETA-HYDROXYSTEROID DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY / DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEFICIENCY
the most common types of illnesses that result from 17b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency are cancers in various forms (ovarian, breast or prostate cancers); obesity of the upper body (prevalent among women); diabetes mellitus (the case that is not dependent on insulin); ambiguous sexual organs (females that appear to have 'penis-like' clitoris or grow up as males but are discovered later on to develop breasts or have menstrual periods). pseudohermaphroditism in males is also known as 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency-3. it is one of the rarest cases of sexual development disorder. it is a condition that is autosomal recessive & is also a cause of disorders in sexual development in both the male & female species. biochemically speaking, 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency-3 is characterized by lowered testosterone levels & an increase in the levels of androstenedione. this is a result of the failure in conversion to testosterone from androstenedione....
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47 XXY SYNDROME / SYMPTOMS & SIGNS
more often than not, the patients become sterile when they become xxy males. there is a slight chance, though, that reproductive aid may be given. there are also reported cases of impairment in learning verbal skills & this is often diagnosed when neuropsychological tests are done. some males who are afflicted with this condition could also develop the so-called 'man boobs' or enlarged male breasts. about 10% of the known cases of gynecomastia would need surgery. hypogonadism could also result once the extra x gene is acquired. this means that the patient would have testicles that malfunction. the most severe cases could even develop tumors & cancer cells where the male patients suffer from breast cancer....
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ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS / TESTING
doctors usually diagnose this condition when they look at the patient's skin. a biopsy of the skin may be an option in some unusual cases. if there is no apparent cause of acanthosis nigricans, it is essential to look for one. this is necessary because some other unseen illness might be causing it. tests could include blood tests, x-rays, endoscopy. these techniques may be required to eliminate any chances of cancer or diabetes as the underlying cause....
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ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS / TREATMENT
patients of acanthosis nigricans must be screened for cancer or diabetes. it is also important for them to control their levels of blood glucose & this can be done by having a proper diet & some good exercise. when a healthy regimen is strictly followed, recovery is almost always certain. also, if the causes are immediately diagnosed & treated with the right medications, the prognosis is often positive. it is often best to seek medical advice once the hyper pigmentation appears suddenly. this could be an indication that the patient has other conditions that need to be attended to immediately....
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ACANTHOSIS NIGRICANS / CAUSES
acanthosis nigricans occurs when there is a spillover of insulin into the patient's skin. this is caused by overproduction because of obesity or it could be because of resistance to insulin). when there's a spillover, it is often observed that abnormal growths start to appear. the most probable cause is resistance to insulin which is ordinarily from type 2 diabetis mellitus. other causes include gastric cancer that is malignant; idiopathic & polycystic ovary syndrome; or obesity. when it comes to malignant illnesses, acanthosis nigricans is a syndrome that is paraneoplastic & is often referred to as acanthosis nigricans maligna. it is very rare that mucous membranes become involved....
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ACANTHOTIC NEVUS / DEFINITION
acanthotic nevus is an alternate name for seborrheic keratosis. it is a rare skin disease that consists of discolored lesions that appear to be oily. since these lesions seem to be stuck on the epidermis, they are sometimes mistaken for cancerous growths. acanthotic nevus develops usually on people who are above the age of 40. among the symptoms of this disease is itching, swelling of lesions as well as irritability. surgical treatment may be needed to remove the lesions....
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ACHALASIA / DEFINITION
achalasia also called esophageal achalasia; cardiospasm, achalasia cardiae; dyssynergia esophagus or esophageal aperistalsis; is an esophageal motility disease. this disorder manifests an impaired peristalsis of the smooth muscle level of the esophagus. peristalsis is the term used to describe the muscular capability of the esophagus to make the food move down to the stomach). also, a patient with achalasia has a lower esophageal sphincter or les that cannot relax which is its normal response to swallowing. the most common form of this disorder is primary achalasia. this form has no recorded underlying cause. esophageal cancer (chagas disease in south america) could be a result of achalasia....
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ACHALASIA / DIAGNOSIS
achalasia has so many symptoms that are similar to many other illnesses that's why it is hard to diagnose or it can easily be misdiagnosed. other disorders that have similar symptoms include gerd or gastroesophageal reflux disorder; psychosomatic disorders, or hiatus hernia. to properly investigate the presence of achalasia, it is imperative to undergo x-ray (that comes with barium swallow) or esophagography. the physician or radiologist makes the patient swallow some barium solution which would fail to pass easily through the lower part of the esophageal sphincter. the physician will then be able to point out a margin of air fluid over the column of barium because of the absence of peristalsis. the 'rat tail' or 'bird's beak' would appear on the lower esophagus. five minutes should be enough to give the doctor a thorough observation. manometry is the most important factor in establishing the achalasia diagnosis. a probe will measure the waves of pressure in various esophageal portions (also that of the stomach's) during the swallowing stage. here, a thin tube will be placed through the nose & the doctor will instruct the patient to swallow more than once. endoscopy is a good test to view the actual state of the esophagus & the stomach. a very tiny camera is put through the patient's mouth while he is sedated. the endoscopist will examine a 'pop' when the scope will pass through the lower esophageal sphincter which would not relax. ct scan is best done to rule out the possibility of esophageal cancer....
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ACQUIRED ICHTHYOSIS / DISEASES THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH ACQUIRED ICHTHYOSIS
the systemic diseases that are often linked with acquired ichthyosis are: cancers (e.g. mycosis, lung cancer, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer hodgkin's disease, hyperparathyroidism, nutritional diseases, acute renal failure & hiv infection; sarcoidosis, thyroid disease, leprosy, autoimmune diseases such as dermatymyositis or systemic lupus erythematosus; this could also manifest after a transplant of the bone marrow. there are also some medications that have been associated with acquired ichthyosis such as triparanol, nicotinic acid, dixyrazine, clofazimine, cimetidine & butyrophenones....
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ACROCHORDON / DEFINITION
small growths of skin that develop in some people on the neck, face, groin & armpits are called skin tags or acrochordons. these skin tags do not become cancerous or malignant since they are harmless....
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ACTINIC CHEILITIS / DEFINITION
sometimes known as "sailor's lip" or "farmer's lip," actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition related to cumulative lifetime sun exposure. people with this disorder often complain of cracking of the lips & persistent dryness where the lower lip is most often affected....
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ACTINIC KERATOSIS / DEFINITION
actinic keratosis also known as solar keratosis, even ak is a premalignant condition of the skin where the signs include crusty, scaly, thick patches. this disorder is common among fair-skinned individuals who are often exposed under the sun (white people have less protection from their skin's pigment). this condition is often accompanied by damage made by the sun. since a few of these are pre-cancer carcinomas, they should be attended to immediately. when a person's skin is exposed under the sun, the signs such as crustiness & thickness begin to appear. these bumps are often rough & dry & they start out as flat areas but soon develop into something tough which often resembles a wart. actinic keratosis is about 2.0-6.0 mm. in range & they can be light or dark, pink or tan, it can even be red in color or it can be a combination of all the mentioned colors. it could appear on the areas that are exposed under the sun such as the chest, back, ears, neck, face, scalp, forearms, hands & lips....
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ACTINIC KERATOSIS / DIAGNOSIS
physicians can often identify ak through a thorough examination. a skin biopsy is necessary when the keratosis is thick or large. this is to make sure that the bump is just a keratosis & not skin cancer. sebborrheic keratosis is a bump which appears in groups (such as actinic keratosis) & are often mistaken as actinic keratoses....
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ACUTE ERYTHROBLASTIC LEUKEMIA / DEFINITION
acute erythroblastic leukemia is also known by other medical terms such as erythremic myelosis, erythroleukemia & the diguglielmo syndrome, which is the uncontrolled production of immature & undeveloped erythrocytes, more popularly known as the red blood cells. this type of leukemia is a rare form of cancer that originates from the marrow & blood....
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ACUTE ERYTHROBLASTIC LEUKEMIA / TREATMENT
the treatment for this type of leukemia would largely depend of the cancer cell features presented as well as the extent or severity of the disease, the patient's age, symptoms along with general health condition. treatment strategies are based on chemotherapies, cell & bone marrow transplantations. chemotherapies are often administered with the combination of two or more medications....
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ACUTE ERYTHROBLASTIC LEUKEMIA / CAUSES
according to medical records, the causes of this rare form of blood cancer are largely unknown. nonetheless, acute erythroblastic leukemia actually represents approximately 10-20% of leukemias & secondary to radiation, overexposure to benzene & alkylator theraphy....
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ACUTE FEBRILE NEUTROPHILIC DERMATOSIS / CAUSES
in most recorded medical cases, the underlying cause of this disease is undetermined. however, acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis may possibly follow upper respiratory infection among young adults. the condition may also be associated with several types of cancer such as leukemia & is also known to occur more on women between ages 30-50....
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ACUTE LIVER FAILURE / CAUSES
there are a number of causes of liver failure include drug abuse, hepatitis a & b virus, toxins & other autoimmune & vascular diseases. cancer & metabolic disease can also be the underlying cause of a liver failure....
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ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA / DEFINITION
acute lymphoblastic leukemia, otherwise known as acute lymphocytic leukemia is another form of cancer of the white blood cells. in this case, the immature & malignant white blood cells continues to multiply in an abnormally rapid thereby causing overproduction in the bone marrow. this disease causes damage & death by actively crowding out the bone marrow's normal cells & spread to the other organs in the body. all is found to be common among children & young adults....
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ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA / CAUSES
the underlying cause of all is still not known. in general, the development of cancer is brought about by the damage to the patient's dna which will lead to uncontrolled cellular growth that rapidly spreads through the different organs in the body. such damage can be largely contributed by environmental factors such as radiation, drugs & chemicals. there are also some families that display a hereditary predisposition to all....
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