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LEUKEMIA & TREATMENT

Read about leukemia medical facts: what is the definition of leukemia, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat leukemia, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related leukemia diseases.

Definition: What is "Leukemia"?

LEUKEMIA

Leukemia is a type of cancer affecting the blood or bone marrow. It induces an abnormal production of white blood cells which in hinders the proper functioning of red blood cells.

Symptoms & Signs

Among the symptoms of leukemia are high amounts of white blood cells & low platelet count. Physical signs include frequent bruising, excessive bleeding & the development of pinprick bleeds. Other signs of leukemia include: fever, chills & night sweats, lethargy, loss of appetite, enlarged liver, bone & joint pains, swollen tonsils & paleness.

Treatment: How to Treat "Leukemia"?

Leukemia, whatever type it is, is generally treated by induction chemotherapy. This is the administration of chemotherapeutic drugs to kill the cancer cells in the bone marrow. CNS prophylaxis meanwhile is a preventive therapy that keeps the cancer from spreading into the nervous system. Patients also take maintenance drugs during recovery stage.

Causes

There is no specific cause of leukemia, but studies show that leukemia can be a result of ionizing radiation, exposure to some harmful chemicals, genetic predespositions & certain viruses.

Diagnosis

The disease is diagnosed by various blood tests & persons with the disease usually have very low platelet & hemoglobin counts, as well as abnormally high white blood cell count.



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