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ACUTE PANCREATITIS & TREATMENT

Read about acute pancreatitis medical facts: what is the definition of acute pancreatitis, what are the signs and symptoms, medical treatment & how to treat acute pancreatitis, information about the causes, diagnosis, and related acute pancreatitis diseases.

Definition: What is "Acute pancreatitis"?

ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Acute pancreatitis is characterized as the rapid onset of inflammation of the pancreas. Depending on the severity of the condition, serious complications & high mortality occur despite treatment. This disease is usually prevalent among individuals with bile duct obstruction of prolonged alcohol abuse.

Symptoms & Signs

Patients suffering from acute pancreatitis experience severe abdominal pain, fever, vomiting & diarrhea as well as the unexplained loss of appetite. Other indicators include some hemorrharic discoloration of the torso & umbilicus, pancreatic dysfunction or diabetes mellitus.

Treatment: How to Treat "Acute pancreatitis"?

To alleviate pain, meperidine is administered. Patients are also asked to stop feeding & would greatly rely on intravenous fluids for sustenance. By preventing food to pass through the system allows the pancreas to rest. Antibiotics are also prescribed to combat infection.

Causes

Among the indentified common causes of acute pancreatitis include alcohol abuse, trauma, streroids, scorpion stings, mumps, drug abuse, hyperlipidemia & gallstones.

Diagnosis

Patients with acute pancreatitis are diagnosed through several tests to determine the levels fo serum amylase, lipase levels & elastase. It can be difficult to diagnose acute pancreatitis signs the signs & symptoms mimic that of pancreatitis. Patient's history should be taken into account & symptoms that will be noted during physical examination.

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