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DISEASES INDEX [T]

Common Diseases List (T): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Tabes dorsalis is another name for locomotor ataxia, or the paralysis of the motor nerves. This is the degeneration of the motor nerves in the spinal cord resulting to incontrollable urination, loss of coordination & dystrophy. This condition is usually a result of syphilis....
Tachycardia definition: A heart rate over 100 beats a minute is known as tachycardia. Some tachycardias are relatively benign & need no treatment, but others can be life-threatening....
Tachypnea otherwise known as tachypnoea is a medical condition that is characterized by rapid breathing & is usually necessary for the body's need for gas exchange....
Taeniasis is a tapeworm (cestode) infection that is acquired by the ingestion of raw or undercooked meat of infected animals. Although many species exist, two species, Taenia saginata & Taenia solium, result to pathology in humans. T. saginata is linked with the ingestion of the worm's larval form f...
Tailbone pain, also known as coccydynia, refers to the inflammation of the coccyx, the bone located in between the buttocks....
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is classically defined as a chronic, progressive, occlusive, inflammatory disease of the aorta & its branches. The pulmonary arteries may also be concerned. Takayasu arteritis is a systemic disease that can have isolated, atypical & catastrophic manifestations....
Takayasu's arteritis is categorized as a rather uncommon form of vasculitis. It features a spectrum of conditions that is characterized by an inflammation of the blood vessels. Takayasu's arteritis causes damage to the large arteries particularly the aorta, the principal blood vessel that is respons...
Talipes is a congenital deformity in which a person suffers from a clubfoot. The condition is caused by a genetic disorder which results to shortened muscles & tendons in the foot....
A clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus (TEV), is a birth defect wherein the foot is twisted in (inverted) & down....
Tangier disease is a rare inherited disorder marked by a severe reduction in the amount of high density lipoprotein (HDL), often referred to as "good cholesterol," in the bloodstream....
Tapeworm infection is the occurrence of tapeworms that may form into cysts affecting other tissues such as the lungs & liver, or the develop into adult tapeworms inside the intestines....
TAR Syndrome (Thrombocytopenia with Absent radius) is a rare genetic disorder which is marked by the absence of the radius bone in the forearm & a dramatically reduced platelet count. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia, or a lowered platelet count, results to bruising & potentially life-threatening haemor...
Tardive dyskinesia is a symptom caused by the long-term or high-dose use of dopamine antagonists, usually antipsychotics, but also those such as antiemetic metoclopramide. These neuroleptic drugs are typically prescribed for psychiatric disorders....
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a compression, or squeezing, on the posterior tibial nerve that gives out symptoms anywhere along the path of the nerve....
Taurodontism is a condition of teeth where the body of the tooth & pulp chamber is enlarged. Because of this, the floor of the pulp & the furcation of the tooth is moved apically down the root. The term means "bull like" teeth coming from similarity of these teeth to those of ungulate or cud chewing...
Tay syndrome ichthyosis definition: Tay syndrome is a recessive hereditary disease marked by trichothiodystrophy (sulfur-deficient brittle hair) with photosensitivity, ichthyosiform erythroderma (fish-like scales on skin), dystrophic (abnormal) finger & toe-nails, progeria-like faces (prematurely aged looking face), growth & mental re...
Tay-Sachs disease (TSD, also known as GM2 gangliosidosis, Hexosaminidase A deficiency or Sphingolipidosis) is a genetic disorder, fatal in its most common variant known as Infantile Tay-Sachs disease....
Cutaneous T-Cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the immune system....
Teeth grinding, which is also known as bruxism is the unconscious clenching, grinding, or gnashing of teeth....
Telangiectasia are small dilated blood vessels near the surface of the skin; typically, they measure only a few millimeters. They can develop anywhere on the body but are frequently found on the face around the nose, cheeks & chin....
Telangiectasia, hereditary hemorrhagic definition: In medicine, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), also called Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome, is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that leads to vascular malformations....
Temporal arteritis is a condition in which the lining of the arteries is inflamed. Affect arteries may be in the neck, upper body & arms, but usually occurs in the head especially the arteries in the temples. The condition is also called giant cell arteritis, cranial arteritis, or granulomatous arte...
Temporal epilepsy, familial definition: Temporal lobe epilepsy is a form of epilepsy, a chronic neurological condition marked by recurrent seizures....
Temporal lobe seizure is a type of complex partial seizure that is usually localized to one part of the brain....
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TJD), also known as myofacial pain dysfunction, is problematic state of the jaw muscles used for chewing, or of the temporomandibular joint, which links the lower jaw to the rest of the skull....
Temporo-mandibular joint syndrome (tmj) definition: TMJ syndrome is used to refer to the problems occurring in the temporomandibular joint which is the joint of the jaw & the tendons, muscles, ligaments, blood vessels & other tissues related with the joint. It is also referred to as disc displacement where in the articular disc is not in place....

TEN

Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), also known as Lyell's syndrome, is a life-threatening dermatological condition that is commonly induced by a reaction to medications. It is marked by the detachment of the top layer of skin (the epidermis) from the lower layers of the skin (the dermis) all over the ...
Tendinitis is the condition in which a tendon is inflamed or irritated causing pain & tenderness just outside a joint....
Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis, is an injury to the elbow resulting from overuse....
Teratomas are tumors made up of more than a single cell type derived from more than one germ layer....
Terminal ileitis, or enteritis, is a chronic inflammation of the small intestine. It is characterized by swelling & perforated small intestines due to ruptures & acidic reactions....
Testes neoplasm is a cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissues of one or both testicles....
Testicle, undescended definition: Undescended testicle, also referred to as cryptorchidism, is a condition in which the testes did not completely descend into the scrotum....
Testicular cancer is characterized by a growth of a malignant mass in the testicles or testes, which are located inside the scrotum below the penis of males....
Testicular cancer is known as disease wherein the cells become cancerous either in one or both testicles. The testicles are a pair of male sex organs that produce & store sperm & the main source of testosterone in men....
Testicular torsion is a condition in which blood flow to the testicle is cut off causing sudden & severe pain & swelling due to the rotation of a testicle on the spermatic cord....
Testosterone deficiency or male hypogonadism is the body's insufficient production of the sex hormone testosterone....
Tetanus is a medical condition that is marked by a prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers. The primary symptoms are caused by tetanospasmin, a neurotoxin given out by the Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani....
Tetany is a medical sign where there is an involuntary contraction of the muscles caused by certain diseases & other conditions that increases the other conditions that tends to increase the action potential frequency....
Tethered Spinal Cord is an uncommon neurological disorder....
Tethered spinal cord syndrome otherwise known as the Occult Spinal Dysraphism Sequence is a neurological disorder that is caused by tissue attachments causing preventing movement of spinal cord within the spinal column....
Tetralogy of fallot definition: It is a congenital heart defect that originally has four anatomical components & also it is the most common cyanotic heart defect & most usual cause of blue baby syndrome....
Tetrapelgia, also known as quadriplegia or spinal cord injury, is the parlysis of most of the body that includes the arms & legs....
Tetraploidy _ definition: Tetraploidy is a very rare chromosomal disorder which leads to various abnormalities. Infants are often stillborn or die within months of birth...
Thalassemia, also called as Mediterranean Anemia, Cooley's Anemia or Homozygous Beta Thalassemia, is a group of inherited disorders in which there is a fault in the production of hemoglobin (oxygen-carrying pigment found in red blood cells)....
Thalassemia major is an inherited form of hemolytic anemia, marked by red blood cell (hemoglobin) production abnormalities. This is the most extreme form of anemia & the oxygen depletion in the body becomes apparent within the first 6 months of life. If left untreated, death generally results within...
Thalassemia minor is an inherited form of hemolytic anemia that is less extreme than thalassemia major. These small red blood cells (RBCs) carry less oxygen than normal RBCs....
Thallium Poisoning is a medical condition caused by exposure & ingestion of thallium which is a soft & malleable metal that was usually used to poison rats....
Thanataphobia definition: While everyone has a rational fear of personal death built in as original equipment, thantophobia or necrophobia is extreme & irrational fear of personal death, situations involving death (such as funerals) or dead things....
Thiamin Deficiency otherwise known as Beriberi, is a medical condition that refers to the lack of thiamine pyrophospate, which is the active form of vitamin known as Vitamin B-1, which acts as a coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism & the formation of glucose....
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