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DISEASES INDEX [S]

Common Diseases List (S): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Sabinas brittle hair syndrome is a hereditary disease, autosomal recessive in pattern, affecting the integumentary system (the organ system that primarily protects the body from damage - including skin, nails, hair, sweat glands, etc.). Also alternatively known as Sabinas syndrome or brittle hair-me...
Saccharopinuria, also known as saccharopinemia or saccharopine dehydrogenase deficiency, pertains to an excess of saccharopine in the urine. Saccharopinuria is a variant form of hyperlysinemia & attributed to a partial deficiency of saccharopine dehydrogenase, a type of enzyme that plays a secondary...
Sacral agenesis, also known as hypoplasia of the sacrum or caudal regression syndrome, is a rather obscure & extremely rare congenital condition characterized by spinal deformity in the sacrum (i.e. the spine's caudal partition). It affects an estimated one in 15,000 births....
Sacral dimple is a congenital indentation in the skin on the lower back, which is often located above the crease between the buttocks. It is also known as pilonidal dimples....
Sacroiliitis is a condition in which one or both of the joints that connect the lower spine & pelvis are inflammed....
Saethre-Chotzen syndrome is an extremely rare congenital condition inherited via the autosomal dominant trait. The most characteristic feature of this disease is caraniosynostosis, a symptom described as premature closure of 1 or more of the sutures between the bones of the skull, occurs....
Sakati syndrome encompasses a group of rare genetic diseases collectively known as Acrocephalopolysyndactyly or ACPS. Sakati syndrome, along with all known types of ACPS, is characterized by the premature closure of the cranial sutures (fibrous joints) between certain bones of the skull. This premat...
Salivary gland cancer is a rare carcinoma affecting the salivary glands of the mouth, throat, or neck....
Salla disease is an autosomal recessive congenital disease affecting lysosomal storage, resulting in early physical impairment & mental abnormalities. It is also alternatively known as Finnish type sialuria or sialic acid storage disease....
Salmonella food poisoning is a type of food poisoning caused by Salmonella bacterium. Its effect is the inflammation of the lining of the stomach & intestines called gastroenteritis....
Salmonellosis (Salmonella infections) is a type of infection caused by Salmon ella bacteria....
Salpingitis is an infection in the fallopian tubes, often synonymous to PID. There are 2 types: acute & chronic salpingitis. Acute salpingitis happens when the fallopian tubes are swollen & stick together causing a blockage. Chronic salpingitis is milder but lasts longer that acute salpingitis. It m...
San Joaquin Valley fever is an alternative name for coccidiodomydiosis. This is a fungal infection that once became endemic in the areas of California, Arizona, Nevada, Texas & New Mexico....
Sandfly Fever, otherwise known as the papaataci fever, the phlebotomus fever & three-day fever is a medical condition referring to the viral infections from sandfly bites....
Sandhoff disease is a genetic autosomal recessive disorder affecting lipid storage, leading to progressive damage in the nerve cells of the brain & spinal cord....
Sanfilippo syndrome pertains to a hereditary metabolism disorder characterized by the body's inability to properly break down complex sugar molecules called glycosaminoglycans. Sanfilippo syndrome belongs to a group of diseases called mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) & is sometimes called MPS II....
Santavuori disease is a form of Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses, a genetic disorder marked by an excessive accumulation of lipopigments (lipofuscin) in the tissues. It is also alternatively known as Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses (INCL). Santavuori disease is extremely rare, with only 60 do...
SAPHO syndrome encompasses a range of chronic inflammatory bone diseases usually associated with skin changes....
Sarcoidosis, also known as Besnier-Boeck disease, pertains to a disorder of the immune system characterized by non-caseating garnulomas that mostly affects young adults. The term is from the Greek words "sark" & "oid", meaning "flesh-like"....
Sarcoidosis, pulmonary definition: Pulmonary sarcoidosis is a chronic form of sarcoidosis, a rare systemic disorder characterized by inflammation of the lungs. Approximately 90% of documented sarcoidosis cases occur in the lungs (i.e. pulmonary sarcoidosis); however, the disease can affect almost any organ in the body....
Sarcoma, bone cancer definition: Sarcoma is one form of primary bone cancer that primarily results in immature tissue in bone marrow. It is also called Ewing's sarcoma, which often occur in children, adolescents & young adults, from 10 to 20 years old....
Sarcoma, granulocytic definition: Granulocytic sarcoma is a form of chloroma, characterized by the appearance of a solid tumor consisting of myeloblasts (i.e. or white blood cells that are described as immature & malignant). It is also alternatively known as granulocytic sarcoma or (more appropriately) extramedullary myeloid tumor. ...
Sarcosinemia is a condition in which the concentration of sarcosine in the blood plasma & urine are abnormally elevated. Sarcosine is a type of amino acid found in muscles & other body tissues....
Satoyoshi syndrome is an extremely rare progressive disease believed to be of autoimmune etiology. To date, there are less than 40 documented cases of Satoyoshi syndrome worldwide....
Savant syndrome definition: Sometimes this condition is referred to as savantism. Savant syndrome is a rare condition where in person with developmental disorder has one or more fields of expertise, brilliance or ability that are different from an individual's overall limitation. This condition can be hereditary & can also be ...
Say Meyer syndrome is a familial condition characterized by short stature, trigonocephaly, motor impairment & mental retardation. Say Meyer syndrome is named after Burhan Say, a Turkish medical geneticist & Julia Meyer, an American physician, who both discovered the disorder....
Scabies is a contagious ectoparasite infection of the skin characterized by intense itching, superficial burrows & secondary infections. The term comes from the Latin word "scabere" which literally means "scratch"....
Scabies in children definition: Scabies is an infectious skin disease that is caused by small itch mites that thrive on the skin's epidermis. The waste products of these mites often cause irritation. This is a common parasitic disease among children especially with those living in poor sanitary environments....
SCAD deficiency (short-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency) pertains to a defect in the oxidation of fatty acids in the body. This disorder affects enzymes that are necessary in breaking down a group of fats known as short-chain fatty acids....
Scalded mouth syndrome is a condition in which the tongue, lips, or most areas of the mouth feels a burning pain without obvious reasons. It is sometimes referred to as burning mouth syndrome, stomatodynia, burning tongue syndrome, burning lips syndrome & glossodynia....
SCARF syndrome is a very rare disorder characterized by skeletal defects, cutis laxa, ambiguous genitalia, craniostenosis, mental retardation & facial abnormalities. SCARF syndrome shares some clinical features of Lenz-Majewski hyperostotic dwarfism syndrome....
Scarlatina or scarlet fever covers the body with rashes, turns the tough into a strawberry-like appearance & results in high fever....
Scarlet fever is an exotoxin illness characterized by a red "strawberry-like" tongue, sore throat, fever & a rash on the upper body that may spread to other parts of the body. A distinction must be made between scarlet fever & rheumatic fever, although the former can progress into the latter....
Schamberg's disease pertains to a chronic skin discoloration affecting people of all ages but mostly occurring in males. It usually affects the legs, gradually spreading throughout the body. Schamberg's disease is also alternatively called progressive pigmented purpuric dermatitis....
Scheie syndrome is the mildest form of MPS I, the most frequently occurring type of Mucopolysaccharidosis, or a group of hereditary metabolic diseases that result from the malfunctioning or absence of lysosomal enzymes necessary for breaking down long chains of sugar carbohydrates known as glycosami...
Scheuermann's disease is a disease that is a type of juvenile osteochondrosis or disorder of the spine....
Schilder's Disease otherwise known as the Diffuse Myelinoclastic Sclerosis is a type of neurodegenerative disease tjhat manifest throough pseudotumoural demyelinating lesions & is considered as one of the borderline of multiple sclerosis....
Schinzel-Giedion syndrome is an extremely rare neurodegenerative terminal disease characterized by severe mid-face retraction, renal abnormalities, skull deformities & other anomalies....
Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasites with several species of fluke of the genus Schistosoma. The parasite is commonly found in Africa, Asia & South America particularly in regions with water that is polluted with freshwater snails that may carry parasite....
Schistosomiasis pertains to a parasitic disorder caused by several species of fluke found mostly in Asia, South America, Africa, as well as in areas with water contaminated by parasite-carrying snails. Although it has a relatively low mortality rate, schistosomiasis is definitely a chronic, potentia...
Schizencephaly is a rare cephalic disease characterized by anomalous clefts (or slits) in the cerebral hemispheres....
Schizoaffective disorder is a kind of schizophrenia associated with other psychiatric disorders. A person with a schizoaffective disorder can also show signs of mania as well as depression. This condition can also go with other schizophrenic conditions such as schizopherniform & schizotypal disorder...
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric term used in reference to a mental disorder characterized by an impaired perception of reality....
Schizophrenia, genetic types pertain to schizophrenic forms that are attributed to genetic factors. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder of unknown origin characterized by drastic personality & behavior changes, including a skewed perception of reality. Although schizophrenia is not strictly a genetic...
Schmidt syndrome is an adrenal defect that commonly occurs with another glandular disorder. Schmidt syndrome is also known as "autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2", a more heterogeneous form of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome which affects one or more endocrine organs but has also been known ...
Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly Syndrome is a rare disease classified as an autosomal dominant syndrome. This rare syndrome is characterized by radial hypoplasia, triphalangeal thumbs, hypospadias & maxillary diastema. Individuals afflicted with Schmitt Gillenwater Kelly Syndrome usually have thumbs that ...
School phobia definition: This phobia is the sudden dislike of a young child or fear of going to school which is usually a sign of separation anxiety. Children who have this phobia tend to fake illness & create excuses to avoid going to school. To deal with the phobia it requires awareness of the original school-related issu...
Schwannoma, malignant is a type of malignant tumor that grows from the nerve sheath cells. It originates from the Schwann cells that are responsible for providing myelin insulation to nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system. It is most common to occur on the sciatic, brachial & sacral plexus n...
Schwannomatosis is a disorder that causes tumors, known as Schwannomas to grow on nerves in the peripheral nervous system. It is a form of a genetic disorder known as Neurofibromatosis, an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. In Schwannomatosis, there is a great possibility that the nerves in the he...
Sciatica is a painful condition due to pressure on the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is the main nerve that branches off & continues down to the thighs, legs, feet & ankles....
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