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DISEASES INDEX [P]

Common Diseases List (P): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Pachydermoperiostosis is categorized as a rare disorder that is primarily characterized by clubbing of the fingers, excessive sweating & thickening of the skin of the face. It medical condition typically appears during early childhood or adolescence & progresses slowly within the next ten year or so...
Pachygyria is defined as a congenital malformation affecting the cerebral hemisphere. This often results in the unusually thick convolutions that form in the patient's cerebral cortex. Typically, most children with this medical condition may also suffer from developmental delay as well as seizures...
The Pacman syndrome is categorized as a rare syndrome that is characterized by the abnormal development of the bone that primarily affects the long bones as well lower spine of the patient....
Pad (peripheral artery disease) definition: Peripheral artery disease, also known as peripheral arterial disease, is a problem in the circulatory system wherein there is a reduction in the blood flow to the limbs because of narrowed arteries....
Paget's disease is a medical disease that primarily affects the bone. This condition affects the normal processes of the bones, disrupting the process of growth & renewal. Paget's disease usually affects the skull, spine & pelvic bone causing deformities, pain & fractures....
Paget's disease of the breast is identified as a highly rare form of breast cancer. This disease accounts of less than five percent of the breast cancers. The disease usually originates in the breast ducts & develops to the nipple's skin & the areola....
Paget's disease type 1 is the malfunction in the normal process of the remodeling of the human bones. In normal cases, the bone breaks down & growth & rebuild gradually. However, in the case of Paget's disease, this gradual process is somehow altered , where the replacement bone is porous & soft....
Painful Bladder Syndrome otherwise known as the interstitial cystitis in medicine is a condition which is characterized by a recurring pain in the bladder as well as in the surrounding pelvic region....
Painful intercourse, otherwise known as the dyspareunia in medical terms, is a recurring genital pain occurring before, during or after sexual intercourse....
A painful limb is a degenerative state of a limb brought about by certain causes; it can be due to an infection such as gangrene, or environmental events such as frostbites, accidents, as well as arteriosclerosis. As the affected limb further degenerates, the only form of treatment is that of surgic...
Palate cancer pertains to a rare type of cancer affecting the roof of the mouth. The word ?palate? pertains to the roof of the mouth which has a bony portion in the front (this part is called ?hard palate?) & a muscular portion at the back (this is known as the ?soft palate?)....
Paleness is the dull pigmenting of the skin. This condition is brought about by different reasons, most common of which is iron deficiency....
Palindromic rheumatism is a very rare disorder that involbes the periodic inflammation of the joints....
Pallister Killian mosaic syndrome is a very rare disease that affects humans. It consists of the development of the isochromosome 12p, which has two abnormally small legs....
Pallister-Hall syndrome is medical disorder that primarily affects the natural development of several parts of the body. Most people suffering this condition may have extra fingers on the toes & fingers as well as skin between the hands & feet. Other patients may suffer severe malformations....
Pallister-Killian syndrome is very rare & sporadic cytogenetic abnormality. This medical condition was first described in the three adults by Pallister way back in 1977. The information about this disease is still largely unknown other than the medical belief that it is causes by an autosomal tetras...
Palmoplantar hyperhidrosis is condition characterized by the excessive sweating of the hands & feet. This can be an utterly annoying in one's social & professional environment, since excessive sweating may reduce one's efficiency at work due to lack of precision of the instrument s he handles, or wh...
Palmoplantar keratoderma definition: Keratoderma is actually a term that literally means a marked skin thickening. On the other hand, Palmoplantar refers to the skin located on the soles of the feet as well as the palms of the hands. More often than not, this medical condition can be a condition of an internal abnormality....
Palpitation pertains to an abnormal awareness of one's own heartbeat; be it too slow, too fast, irregular, or beating at its normal frequency. The awareness is abnormal to the extent that the rhythm of one's heart interrupts the person's thoughts & consciousness....
Palsy cerebral definition: Doctors often use the medical term cerebral palsy to refer to a number of neurological disorders that may manifest in infancy or in early childhood. This medical condition affects the bodily movements as well as the muscle coordination. However, this is not progressive but may cause abnormalities th...
Pancreas divisum is categorized as a common congenital anomaly that affects the pancreatic ducts. This affects the natural digestion of food, as ezymes are primarily produced in the pancreas....
Pancreatic cancer usually develops in the pancreas tissues. The pancreas are responsible for secreting enzymes that will aid in the digestion as well as regulate hormones that would help regulate sugar....
Pancreatic cysts are often diagnosed now than it is so in the past years. However, this is not due to the fact the more people have this disease but mainly due to the advancements in imaging technology that detects the presence of a pancreatic cyst. Pancreatic cysts are mostly not cancerous, but it ...
Pancreatic diseases definition: There are a number of diseases that is covered by pancreatic diseases & most of these conditions is a result of underlying pancreatic & other internal problems. This may include pancreatic cancer, acute pancreatitis, hereditary forms & endocrine tumors of the pancreas. The symptoms, causes, treatmen...
Pancreatic Islet Cell Neoplasms develop into two different categories: the nonfunctional & functional varieties. However, most cases of this medical condition are found functional, which means the neoplasms secrete hormonal products into the patient's bloodstream, leading to the development of more ...
A pancreatic islet cell tumor is one of the rather uncommon forms of tumor of the pancreas. This medical condition arises from a certain cell that is in the pancreas, which is referred to as islet cell. Generally, islet cells are known to produce insulin hormones,...
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of pancreas. The pancreas is a big gland behind the stomach & just close to the duodenum....
Pancreatoblastoma is also known as the infantile form of pancreatic carcinoma. This medical condition is considered to be one of the extremely rare types of pancreatic tumor that typically develops during early childhood. In comparison to all other carcinomas, PB has been known to be less aggressive...
PANDAS is actually the abbreviation of the medical condition called Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated that comes with Streptococcal Infections. This term is often used to describe a certain subset of children who have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) as well as tic syndro...
Panhypopituitarism definition: Hypopituitarism is a medical disorder characterized by the failure of the pituitary gland to produce a single or more of hormones, or the inability to produce enough. The pituitary gland secretes certain hormones that greatly influence almost all parts of the human body. This is the reason why in hy...
Panic attack is an anxiety disorder that is often characterized by the sudden & intense fear that appears to have no reason & causes severe physical reactions....
A panic attack is characterized by the sudden episode of an intense fear that would usually develop with real or apparent reason, triggering some severe physical reactions. Panic attacks can usually be frightening since patients often feel loss of control, increased possibility pr heart attacks or c...
Panic disorder is the medical term for a psychiatric condition characterized by recurring panic attacks in combination with significant behavioral change or at least a month of ongoing worry about the implications or concern about having other attacks....
Panniculitis is characterized as the inflammation of the subcutaneous fat. Generally, human fat is divided into a number of lobules by what is known as the connective tissue septae. The septae contains the blood that supplies the lobule. The arteriole is responsible for supplying the lobule while th...
Panophobia is known by a number of different names. But this medical condition is basically known as the fear of almost everything....
Panthophobia is the fear of the suffering as well as everything....
Papilledema is characterized as the swelling of the optic nerve. This is the point where the option nerve joins the eye, where the swelling causes a fluid pressure within the patient's skull or what is known as the intracranial pressure. This swelling can be due to an inflammatory illness or infecti...
Papilloedema is a disease characterized by optic disc swelling, often as a result of increased intracranial pressure. The characteristic swelling frequently occurs bilaterally over a period of hours to weeks. Papilloedema is also alternatively spelled as papilledema....
Papilloma pertains to a benign or non-cancerous epithelial tumor that grows in an exophytical fashion in finger-like fronds. More commonly, the word ?papilla? is used in reference to the projection or pattern created by the tumor; not the tumor on an already existing papilla (such as the nipple, for...
Papular mucinosis is categorized as a highly rare skin disease. This is chronic & progressive in nature....
Paracoccidioidomycosis is characterized as an infection primarily caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Paracoccidioidomycosis is a type of fungal infection that typically involves the mouth, skin, lymph nodes & throat, although symptoms sometimes appear in the patient's liver, lungs o...
Paragangliomas are characterized as glomus tumors that are said to be derived from paraganglion tissue or the carotid body. These tumors are typically benign & usually grow in the mastoid & middle ear....
Parainfluenza viruses are paramyxoviruses, of which there are 4 distinct serotypes. Parainfluenza viruses are the second most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections in young children....
Paralysis pertains to the complete loss of muscle function and/or sensation in one or more muscle groups....
Paralytic ileus pertains to temporary intestinal paralysis. The paralysis itself may not necessarily be complete, but is serious enough to prevent the passage of food through the intestines, consequently causing intestinal blockage. Paralytic ileus is also alternatively known as intestinal volvulus,...
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (shortened as PSP) pertains to one of 4 known syndromes of shellfish poisoning (along with diarrheal shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning & amnesic shellfish poisoning)....
Paramyotonia congenita is categorized as an autosomal dominant disorder affecting the muscle. This medical condition is characterized by paradoxical myotonia, which is a defined as myotonia , which usually appears during exercise as well as during sever exposure to the cold. During episodes, the pat...
Paranasal sinus cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects the paranasal sinuses. This condition is characterized by chronic blocking of sinuses resulting to difficulty in breathing....
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration is a disease that is primarily characterized by the rapid development of what is known as severe pancerebellar dysfunction. PCD is typically associated with some gynecologic tumors, lung & breast cancer, particularly those with small cell lung carcinoma as well...
Paraneoplastic syndromes pertain to a range of rare diseases that develop in some cancer patients, most commonly in cases of lung, breast, or ovarian cancer. Paraneoplastic syndromes may occur in the skin, blood, kidneys, joints & nervous system....
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