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DISEASES INDEX [M]

Common Diseases List (M): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Mac Ardle Disease, otherwise known as Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V) is a kind of metabolic disorder due to the glycogen storage. It is the most common of the various type of GSD. (Wolfe, Gil I. et al. "McArdle's disease presenting with asymmetric, late-onset arm weakness." Muscle & Nerve, ...
Machado-Joseph Disease pertains to a rare type of hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia characterized by ophthalmoplegia, mixed sensory & cerebellar ataxia & general lack of muscle control. It is also alternatively known as Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3....
Macroglobulinemia otherwise known as Waldenstr√∑m Macroglobulinemia, is a cancer involving lymphocytes. It is characterized by increased levels of macroglobulins in the circulating blood & diffuse of infiltration of bone marrow & produces symptoms of hyperviscosity....
Macroglossia dominant refers to the severe enlargement or hypertrophy of the tongue which cause functional difficulties in speaking, eating & sleeping. It is most common in primary & myeloma-related amyloidosis, which refers to the accumulation of insoluble proteins in tissues that impedes its norma...
Macular degeneration definition: Degeneration is a medical condition that is mostly found in elderly adults wherein the center of the lining of the eye known as the macula area of the retina suffers thinning atrophy & to certain extent, bleeding of the eye. It one of the leading cause of central vision loss or blindness for those a...
Macular degeneration juvenile is a medical condition which affects the center lining of the eye known as the Macula area of the retina of younger individuals. Its other term & example includes the Best's Disease, Doyne's honeycomb retinal dystrophy, Sorsby's Disease & Stargardt's Disease. It often l...
Macular degeneration, age-related definition: Age-related Macular Degeneration is a medical condition that is mostly found in elderly adults wherein the center of the lining of the eye known as the macula area of the retina suffers thinning atrophy & to certain extent, bleeding of the eye. It one of the leading cause of central vision loss or b...
Macular degeneration, polymorphic definition: Polymorphic macular degeneration is a medical condition which is mostly found in adults due to polymorphism. It is the leading cause of central vision loss (blindness) in the United States today for those over the age of fifty years (de Jong PT (2006). "Age-related macular degeneration". N Engl J Me...
Macular hole is a medical condition affecting the center of the retina in which the vitreous gel inside the eye weakens & eventually separates from the retina, leading to macular traction & causing a hole to form....
Mad Cow Disease, otherwise known as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) is a neurodegenerative diseases in cattle that cause a spongy degeneration in the brain & in the spinal cord....
Maffucci syndrome, named after Angelo Maffucci, is usually presented by multiple enchondromas associated with multiple cavernous soft tissue hemangiomas....
Magnesium deficiency pertains to a depletion or absolute absence of magnesium in the body, usually as a consequence of a number of conditions. Magnesium is essential in the body's metabolic function & its absence can cause serious repercussions....
Mal de debarquement definition: Mal de barquement Syndrome or MdDs or Disembarkment syndrome is a rare condition which usually occur after a sustained motion even like cruise or aircraft flight. The phrase means "sickness of disembarkation"....
Malabsorption is a condition characterized by impaired absorption of nutrients from the GI tract, affecting the small intestine's ability to adequately absorb nutrients that are essential for the normal functioning of the body....
Malakoplakia definition: It is a rare inflammatory condition manifested by a papule, plaque or ulceration that affects the genitourinary tract. It is described by the presence of histiocytes with basophilic inclusions called Michaelis-Gutmann bodies....
Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by mosquito bites, known as Anopheles Mosquitoes. It is one of the most common vector-borne infectious diseases in most tropical & sub-tropical regions in Asia, Africa & some parts of Americas....
Male breast cancer definition: Breast cancer is not just a woman's disease. Men also have breast tissue that could undergo cancerous changes. While women are about 100 times more likely to get breast cancer, any man can still develop breast cancer. Male breast cancer is common between the ages of 60 & 70....
Male hypogonadism is a condition in which the body doesn't give out enough of the sex hormone testosterone....
Male menopause is a phase where men experience a decline of androgen production due to aging. The production of testosterone hormones do not stop, however, unlike the female ovaries....
Male pseudohermaphroditism due to 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency definition: 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency-3 is a rare disorder of sexual development which affects the biosynthesis of testosterone which can produce male pseudohermaproditism (intersexuality) of genetically male infants & children .This autosomal recessive medical condition can bring about gr...
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a type of malignant cancer that develops in fibrous support tissue or bone. The usual location of tumors is found in extremities; however it can possibly appear in any body part. It is the most common type of soft tissue cancer that appears in later adult life, usua...
Malignant hyperthermia is a rare life-threatening condition. It is triggered by exposure to most drugs used in general anesthesia. Vulnerability to malignant hyperthermia is most of the time inherited as an autosomal dominant disorder. It is genetically associated with Central Core Disease, which us...
Mallory-Weiss syndrome is a laceration in the lining of the gastro-esophageal junction (stomach-esophagus), usually due to severe coughing or vomiting....
Malonic aciduria is a rare genetic condition marked by a deficiency of the enzyme Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase bringing about impairment in the body's ability to convert fatty acids into energy, which can be used by muscles like muscles in the heart. Because of this occurrence, fatty acids tend to accu...
Malonyl-CoA decarboxylase deficiency also known as Malonic aciduria is a metabolic disorder disrupting the Malonyl-Coa decarboxylase from breaking down Malonyl-CoA enzyme into Acetyl-CoA & carbon dioxide....
Malouf syndrome is a very rare syndrome primarily characterized by a heart disease in addition to abnormal ovaries. This congenital disorder is also known as congestive cardiomyopathy-hypergonadotropic hypogonadism syndrome. Malouf syndrome is derived from the name of Jean Malouf, who is a famous si...
Malta fever, also known as undulant fever or brucellosis, is a contagious disease that affects the central nervous system & can lead to painful joints as well as miscarriage....
Malveolar echinococcosis is a rare medical condition that exhibits a tumor-like growth on the liver & can induce potential serious health complications. Red foxes have been identified to be the primary hosts of this parasite that can be passed on to human beings. Up until today, there have no defini...
Mammary duct ectasia happens when a milk duct beneath the nipple becomes dilated & filled with fluid. The milk duct can then become congested or clogged with a thick, sticky substance....
Manic depression, bipolar covers a wide range of mood disorders. It is signified by the presence of one or more abnormally elevated mood episodes. This occurrence is clinically termed as mania, mostly associated with bipolar disorders. It is also referred as "manic-depressive disorder" but now chang...
Mannosidosis (alpha-mannosidosis) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the alpha mannosidosase. This occurrence results in the accumulation of certain chemicals in the body leading later on to mental & physical deterioration. The enzyme alpha-mannosidosase aids in ...
Mansonelliasis, also known as Mansonellosis is the condition of infection by the nematode or worm-like parasite known as Mansonella. Transmission commonly occurs through the bite of a midge. These worms live in the abdominal cavity...
Mantle cell lymphoma is one of the rarer types of the non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. The lymphoma can spread to other parts of the body including the liver, bone marrow or spleen. This occurrence is prevalent to males rather than females, with the ratio of 4:1....
Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy pertains to a condition characterized by an abnormal appearance of the eye cornea, usually with map-like patches or gray outlines resembling continents on a map. This condition is also known as epithelial basement membrane dystrophy....
Maple syrup urine disease also called branched-chain ketoaciduria, is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder affecting branched-chain amino acids. This is one type of organic acidemia. Maple syrup urine disease is a metabolism disorder passed down through families in which the body cannot break d...
Marburg fever is a rare & severe type of hemorrhagic fever affecting both human & non-human primates. It is a serious virus related to Ebola. The disease is transmitted through bodily fluids like saliva, blood, excrements (waste products of metabolism) & vomit....
Marchiafava bignami disease definition: Marchiafava-Bignami disease is also known as Marchiafava's disease & Marchiafava's syndrome. It is a progressive neurological disorder oftentimes associated with alcohol abuse and/or nutritional disorder....
Marcus Gunn phenomenon is a congenital condition where the eyelids of an infant droop but rise up when the mouth is opened. It is an autosomal dominant condition also known as Marcus Gunn Jaw Winking or Trigemino-oculomotor Synkineses. This condition is named after Marcus Gunn characterized by rhyth...
Marek disease definition: Marek's disease is an extremely contagious viral neoplastic disease in chickens that is characterized especially by proliferation of lymphoid cells & is caused by a herpes virus having several serotypes. It usually affects both commercial & backyard poultry that often results to severe production lo...
Marfan syndrome is a connective tissue disorder affecting many structures like skeleton, lungs, eyes, blood vessels & heart since connective tissue is found in all parts of the body. It is an inheritable condition in an autosomal dominant genetic pattern....
Marinesco-Sjogren syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, which causes the destruction of the exocrine glands that is responsible for tear & saliva production....
Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is a rare disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism due to a deficiency of the enzyme aryl sulphatase B, the enzyme necessary to break down the complex sugar glycosaminoglycan (formerly referred to as mucopolysaccharide). This complex sugar needs to be recycled & replayed to ...
Marshall syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is usually inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. The condition can occur in both male & female....
Marshall-Smith syndrome is a rare genetic disorder involving specific facial features, remarkable accelerated skeletal maturation, failure to grow & thrive & breathing problems that are severe in nature....
Martin Bell syndrome, also known as fragile syndrome X, is a mental defect that involves learning disabilities & behavioral problems....
Masculinisation is a condition in which an affected female takes on a distinctly & progressively male appearance....
Mast cell disease or mastocytosis is a group of rare disorders marked by the presence of too many mast cells in various organs & tissues such as the skin, spleen, liver, bone & the gastrointestinal tract....
Mastalgia is breast pain & is generally classified as either cyclical (linked with menstrual periods) or noncyclic....
Mastitis is a disease commonly seen in women breastfeeding refers to that kind of infection of the tissue surrounding the breast area which thereby results into the breast's painful swelling usually accompanied by its redness & tenderness. Most often, person affected with this infection are mothers ...
Mastocytosis is a group of unusual disorder of both children & adults caused by the presence of too many mast cells (mastocytes) & CD34+ mast cell precursors in a person's body....
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