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DISEASES INDEX [K]

Common Diseases List (K): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Kabuki syndrome also called as Kabuki makeup syndrome (KMS) or Niikawa Kuroki syndrome in the past, is a rare pediatric inborn disease. This congenital disorder has no known cause & comes with numerous inborn anomalies & retardation of mental development. It was discovered by Niikawa & Kuroki who we...
Kallman syndrome with spastic paraplegia definition: Kallman syndrome, by itself, is a type of hypogonadism (which is a decrease in the function of the sex glands that produce hormones). This is caused by a lack of GnRH hormone (the one that releases gonadotropin). The term Spastic paraplegia with Kallman syndrome has not been discussed in the previou...
Kaolin pneumoconiosis definition: Kaolin is processed by, first, removing it from seams that are underground in an area of mining. The process involves slicing, drying & pulverizing to make a finished product. A study was done to know the concentration of kaolin dust in different areas of work. The study was also set up to be able t...
Kaposi sarcoma definition: Moritz Kaposi, a Hungarian dermatologist was the first one to describe Kaposi's sarcoma, as a tumor caused by Human Herpes Virus 8 (HHV8). HHV8 is the eight human herpes virus. Kaposi's sarcoma is the cancer that usually comes about in many AIDS suffering patients....
Karsch Neugebauer syndrome (Ectrodactyly) also known as "lobster claw syndrome", is a rare congenital (present at birth) deformity of the hand. This deformity is characterized by webbing of the fingers or toes. This unusual placement or position presents the hand to look like the claws of a lobster....
Kartagener syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder, which causes the cilia (tiny, hair-like structures) to be faulty or defective; thus prevent it from functioning properly. The cilia line the respiratory tract & fallopian tubes. It acts as the sweeper by brushing off all inhaled par...
Kaufman Oculocerebrofacial syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder. This rare genetic medical condition is characterized by some abnormal looking facial features including small head, narrow face, eye anomalies, small mandible, upslanting palpebral fissure (the distance between the upper & lower...
Kawasaki Syndrome is a medical condition with unknown cause that results in inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels (vasculitis) & primarily affects young children....
Kearns-Sayre syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder of a genetic origin. However, it is different from other mitochondrial disorders because it occurs periodically & not maternally inherited. Onset of the disorder usually occurs before the person reaches the age of 20....
Keloids are type of scars characterized by significant marks of skin elevation; it is an overgrowth of tissue on the exact location of the healed skin injury. Keloids usually occur after an injury or surgery. Keloids are usually firm, fibrous lesions. Keloids are non-contagious & non-malignant at th...
Kennedy disease is a rare hereditary disease affecting the nerves & muscles (neuromuscular). Females can be carriers of the disease but only males present the symptoms of the disease. Kennedy Disease is also known as X-linked spinal & bulbar muscular atrophy....
Keratitis is the scarring of the cornea of they eye. This scarring can cause severe infections that may lead to vision loss or blindness. A common kind of this condition is dendric keratitis; it is a scarring brought about by herpes zoster infections. The disease can be treated with idoxuridine as w...
Keratoacanthoma is a fairly common, epithelial tumor. Formerly, it was regarded as variant of Squamous Cell Carcinoma; a form of malignant cancer that occur in many different organs of the body including the skin, lips, esophagus & mouth among other else. It is a disease common in the elderly. Kerat...
Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca is an eye condition commonly known as, "dry eyes". It is characterized by decreased in tear production & involves inflammation of the conjunctiva. In the common language, Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca means dryness of the conjunctiva & cornea. Other names for this disorder in...
Keratoconus definition: A rare degenerative disorder marked by a progressive thinning & cone-shape appearance of the cornea of the eyes; it is categorized as a non-inflammatory eye ailment. It is considered as the most usual type of corneal dystrophy in the US....
Keratolysis, pitted definition: A skin condition affecting the soles of the feet and, less commonly, the palm of the hands is called pitted keratolysis, which is caused by a bacterial infection of the skin & may give off an unpleasant odor....
Keratosis is the abnormal growth of keratin on the skin. It has three types, keratosis pilaris, actinic keratosis & seborrheic keratosis....
Keratosis Pilaris is a common skin condition that is limited to hair follicles. It is characterized by the development of uneven lumps in the skin. Its appearance resembles the skin of the chicken; precisely the reason why many refer to it as "chicken skin." Presence of these bumps are usually predo...
Keratosis,seborrheic definition: Seborrheic Keratosis is a benign skin growth that can occur during puberty but are more common in older people starting at the age of 40. Seborrheic Keratosis is often illustrated as to having a "pasted-on" appearance because growth only involves the top layer of the outermost layer of the skin (epi...
Kerion definition: A scalp condition that occurs in severe cases of scalp ringworm (tinea capitis), appearing as an inflamed, thickened, pus-filled area & it is sometimes accompanied by a fever is called kerion. Commonly seen in children, the underlying condition, scalp ringworm is a usually harmless fungal infection ...
Kernicterus is a rare medical condition associated with high levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin build up in the brain can cause serious brain damage & other neurological problems. Kernicterus is a serious medical condition characterized by serious damage to the brain, due to excessive amoun...
Ketotic glycinemia, also referred to as propionic acidemia, is an autosomal recessive disorder that affects the amino acid production....
Kidney cancer is also known as renal cell carcinoma arising from the renal tubule. It is the most common kind of kidney cancer in adults. It is notoriously resistant to radiation therapy & chemotherapy, although some cases respond to immunotheraphy....
Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys no longer respond to treatment resulting to the death of the organs. it is a result of different diseases that affect the kidneys....
Kidney failure, acute definition: Acute kidney failure is the sudden loss of the kidneys' ability to perform their main function - eliminate excess fluid & electrolytes as well as waste material from the blood. When the kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes & waste accumulate in the body....
Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is a specific type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that generally begins in your urethra or bladder & travels up into your kidneys. Kidney infection, or pyelonephritis, very often results when a bacterial infection moves from the lower urinary tract like bladder, u...
Kidney stones definition: Kidney stone also called renal calculi, are solid concretions (crystal aggregations) of dissolved minerals in urine; calculi typically form inside the kidneys or bladder. The terms nephrolithiasis & urolithiasis pertains to the presence of calculi in the kidneys & urinary tract, respectively....
Kikuchi Disease is a rare lymph node disorder causing large & inflamed lymph nodes. It is not cancerous. It is also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis; which was first identified in 1972 by Dr. M.Kikuchi in Japan....
King-Denborough Syndrome is the termed used for the combination of the particular characteristics of people with malignant hyperthermia. King-Denborough syndrome is a usually inherited reaction to exposure to general anesthesia & its component drug like volatile anesthetics. It is a rare life-threat...
Kissing disease definition: Infectious mononucleosis (mono), or glandular fever, is usually called the kissing disease....
Kleine levin syndrome definition: Kleine-Levin Syndrome is a rare disease identified by periods of too much, unnecessary sleepiness that can reach to 20 hours of sleep; excessive food intake (compulsive hyperphagia); hypersexuality or abnormally uncontrolled sexual drive. This rare disorder is more probable to occur in males in thei...
Kleptomania is an inability or great difficulty in resisting impulses of stealing. Kleptomania is recognized from shoplifting or ordinary theft, as shoplifters & thieves generally steal for monetary value, or associated gains & usually display intent or premeditation, while people with kleptomania a...
Klinefelter's syndrome is a rare chromosomal genetic syndrome characterized by having XXY chromosomes instead of XX or XY chromosomes. Sufferers of this syndrome are usually males because of the presence of Y chromosomes. This syndrome is considered as the second most common extra chromosome conditi...
Klippel trenaunay weber syndrome definition: Klippel Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome is a medical condition wherein blood vessels & lymph vessels fail to form as it should be. It is characterized by benign skin growths comprised of blood vessels, numerous lymph tissues & varicose veins....
Klippel-Feil Syndrome is a rare medical condition described as the congenital fusion of any two (2) of the seven (7) vertebrae located in the neck. This rare disorder was first accounted by Maurice Klippel & Andre Feil from France in the year 1912....
Klumpke paralysis definition: Klumpke's paralysis is paralysis of the brachial plexus. Brachial plexus is the arrangement of nerve fibres from above the fifth cervical (neck) vertebrae to the bottom of the first thoracic vertebrae extending through the neck, armpit & the arm. It is also described as paralysis of the forearm & mu...
Kluver bucy syndrome definition: Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a kind of disorder that develops when the right & left medial temporal lobes start to malfunction. People with this disease show lesions in the temporal lobes; they also exhibit socially inadequate licking or touching behaviors, bulimia, memory problems, hypersexuality & plac...
Kluver-Bucy syndrome is a behavioral disorder that comes about due to malfunction of the right & left medial temporal lobes of the brain....
Kniest Dysplasia is a rare genetic bone growth disorder; it is an uncommon kind of inherited disorder. It is a subtype of Type II & XI collagenopathies, which are described as group of disorders that affect the tissue supporting the body's joints & organs. This disorder is usually exemplified by dwa...
Kohler Disease is a rare bone disorder taking place on the foot usually occurring in children aging from six to nine years old. A German radiologist named Alban Kohler was the first to describe this disease in 1908. Kohler disease usually affects boys, but girls can also develop this kind of disease...
Korsakoff's syndrome is a degenerative disease of the brain, which is caused by deficit amounts of thiamine (Vitamin B1) present in the brain. The syndrome's name was derived from the name of the neuropsychiatrist who made this theory popular, Sergei Korsakoff. This disease is also known as Korsakof...
Kostmann Syndrome is a rare disease usually distinguished & identified soon after birth. This is an uncommon inherited type of Severe Chronic Neutropenia; which is a blood disorder marked by abnormally low number of neutrophil granulocytes. Neutrophils (a type of white blood cells) are essential for...
Krabbe leukodystrophy definition: Krabbe disease (also called globoid cell leukodystrophy or galactosylceramide lipidosis) is a rare, often fatal degenerative disorder that affects the myelin sheath of the nervous system....
Krause-kivlin syndrome definition: Krause-van Schooneveld-Kivlin syndrome (also known as Peters-plus sundrome) is a hereditary syndrome that primarily affects the eyes, growth & development of the individual. It is also called Krause-Kivlin syndrome or Peters-plus syndrome....
A Krukenberg tumor is a secondary ovarian abnormality in which an ovarian tumor grows in the gastrointestinal tract. These tumors are characterized by the presence of mucin-secreting signet-ring cells in the ovarian tissues....
Kugelberg welander disease definition: Kugelberg-Welander disease, or juvenile spinal muscular atrophy, is a disease that affects one's manner of walking, running & climbing steps....
Kuru is a brain disease that became an endemic in Papua New Guinea. It is also called ?laughing sickness? due to the hallucinations the patients suffer due to the disease....
Kuskokwim disease is a rare syndrome where abnormal muscle attachment causes abnormalities such as muscle wasting or excessive growth & contractures. It is a type of Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, a rare congenital disorder that causes multiple joint contractures & is marked by muscle weakness ...
Kwashiorkor is the type of malnutrition that is commonly believed to be associated with inadequate protein intake. The common sufferers of Kwashiorkor are children with ages from one to four; however, older children & adults can also be inflicted with this condition. This usually occurs when a weane...
Kyasanur forest disease is a viral hemorrhagic fever that is usually transmitted by ticks (tick-borne). Like all tick-borne diseases, Kyasanur forest disease is caused by infection by a virus. In this case, the virus belongs to the flaviviridae family of virus. This virus mostly spread through arthr...
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