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DISEASES INDEX [J]

Common Diseases List (J): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Jackson-Weiss Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by bone malformation including fusion of foot bones & premature joining together of some bones in the skull, which impedes the normal growth of the skull; thus create deformity to the face & head....
Jacobsen syndrome is a medical condition categorized as a very rare chromosomal disorder with the absence of chromosome 11q. It can be the cause of mild mental retardation, a characteristic facial appearance & many medical problems like heart ailments & bleeding disorders. Generally, it affects nume...
Japanese Encephalitis is a medical ailment caused by the mosquito-borne Japanese encephalitis virus. The mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus is the most significant carrier of the disease. Incidents of acquiring the disease are most common in Southeast Asian countries & the Far Eastern countries....
Japanese encephalitis definition: It is a serious viral disease that is transmitted by infected mosquitoes in the agricultural areas of Asia. The virus infection affects the central nervous system & can lead to serious problems & even death....
Jarcho-Levin syndrome is a rare, genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the axial skeleton; usually referred to as spinal column abnormalities. Due to some thorax malformations, patients suffering from Jarcho-Levin syndrome are at a higher risk for life-threatening pulmonary complication...
Jaundice is the yellowish staining of the skin & sclerae (the whites of the eyes) that is caused by high levels in blood of the chemical bilirubin. The color of the skin & sclerae is depending on the level of bilirubin. When the bilirubin level is slowly elevated, they are yellowish. When the biliru...
Jaundice in children definition: Jaundice in newborns is a condition where increased bile pigment causes yellowish skin & eyes. This is due to a congenital damage in the red blood cells. Infants suffering from this condition may be because of a prenatal mismatch between the Rh factor in their blood & that of their mothers. Jaundice...
Jejunal atresia definition: Jejunum is the central part of the small intestine, lying between the duodenum & the ileum. In Jejunal atresia, a part of the small intestine is completely absent or closed. Patients with this disorder are born with a missing stomach membrane fold connecting the small intestine to the abdominal back...
Jervell and lange-nielsen syndrome definition: Jervell & Lange-Nielsen syndrome is a rare medical condition; a type of Long QT syndrome. The disorder causes the muscles of the heart takes longer than average to recharge after every heartbeat. Once left untreated, the irregular heartbeats can lead to fainting & seizure attacks. Worse scenario wou...
It was in the year 1966 that the Job syndrome was first described as the hyper-IgE/HIE or hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome which is a very rare immunodeficiency disease. This disorder can be inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. HIE has changing expressivity & is linked with several other abnorm...
Jock itch, also known as tinea cruris, is a fungal infection of the skin in the groin. The warm, moist environment is the best place for the fungus to grow....
The Johnson Munson syndrome or aphalangy, urogenital-intestinal & hemivertibrae dysgenesis is a very rare syndrome which has been observed in only three siblings. It is associated with aplisia of the phalanges of the feet & hands or hypoplasia; hermivertibrea & several other intestinal and/or urogen...
Joseph disease, also known in names such as the Machado-Joseph disease & spinocerebral ataxia type 3, is a rare disorder characterized by lack of muscle control....
Joubert syndrome is a genetic disorder that is very rare. This disorder affects the brain areas which control coordination & balance. It was first identified by a pediatric neurologist named Marie Joubert from Montreal in Canada. The physician was then working with McGill Neurological Institute....
Jumping frenchmen of maine definition: A part of every human's instinct of survival includes sudden reaction to unexpected stimulus. Often, the reaction is a startle which is a reflexive movement to get away from the stimulus. This reaction also causes change of blood pressure & respiration. Among normal people, this could only last for ...
Juvenile dermatomyositis or JDM is an autoimmune disorder which causes vasculitis manifesting itself among children; & it is a pediatric equivalent of dermatomyositis. JDM manifests vasculitis an inflammation which is caused by the attack of the body's immune system to the blood vessels. In the US, ...
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy or JME is also called the Janz syndrome. This is a common type of idiopathic generalized epilepsy which represents 5-10% of all the types of epilepsies. This disease manifests primarily between the 12th-18th month & with myoclonus showing very early during the morning. Mo...
Juvenile plantar dermatosis definition: A name given to a skin problem on the feet of children & may occasionally develop similar signs to the hands is called juvenile plantar dermatosis. Tending to gradually improve, it is seen most often in boys aged four to eight. Juvenile plantar dermatosis is also called sweaty sock syndrome where th...
JRA or Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not just a single illness. It is, in fact, a group of illnesses of unidentified etiology. The manifestation is a chronic inflammation of the joint. Treatment advances in the last thirty years have altered the prognosis for the more acute types of this disease....
Juvenile-onset schizophrenia definition: Schizophrenia is one of the most complex of all psychological health disorders. It is a severe, chronic & disabling disturbance of the brain that leads to distorted thinking, strange feelings & unusual behavior & use of language & words....
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