Home » DISEASES INDEX [I]

DISEASES INDEX [I]

Common Diseases List (I): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

ICF Syndrome is a condition characterized by a weak immune system & anomalies in the face. ICF Syndrome is an inherited condition. The main feature of ICF Syndrome is variable immunodeficiency combined with centrometric instability of chromosome 1, 9, 16 & even 2. ICF syndrome is a rare condition th...
Ichthyophobia is a type of phobia characterized by a fear of fish, The term encompasses fear of fish in general or fear of a specific kind of fish. A phobia is defined as an irrational & intense fear of something or someone....
Ichthyosis vulgaris is a skin condition characterized by dry & scaly skin. It is the most common form of a general skin condition known as ichthyosis as it affects 1 in 250 people. This is why it is also sometimes called common ichthyosis....
Icterus is another name for jaundice. It is the yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes & conjunctivae due to large amounts of bile secretions in the blood....
ICU psychosis is a mental illness suffered by a person who has experienced traumas while undergoing treatment at a hospital's intensive care unit (ICU). This illness is characterized by delusions, hallucinations & short-term memory loss....
Idiopathic acute eosinophilic pneumonia definition: Idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonia is a form of eosinophilic pneumonia wherein the cause is undetermined. Idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonia is a condition in which eosinophil a certain type of white blood cell, accumulates in the lung. Eosinophil cause disruption of the alveoli (air spaces). There ar...
Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis definition: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a condition characterized by a side curvature of the spine, either to the left or to the right. AIS can occur in individuals from 10 years of age until maturity. It is called idiopathic because the cause of the curvature is still unknown. Genes are suspected ...
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis involves the scarring of the lung. The air sacs of the lungs gradually become replaced by fibrotic tissue. When the scar forms, the tissue becomes thicker resulting to an irreversible loss of the tissue's ability to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream....
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is a rare, sporadic, fatal, mostly in children with an equal sex distribution. The condition also arises in adults where there is a sex difference (M:F = 2:1). The patients present with recurrent attacks of pulmonary haemorrhage, acute phase: bat-wing alveolar inf...
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the condition of having a low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) of an unknown cause (idiopathic). As most causes appear to be related to antibodies against platelets, it is also called immune thrombocytopenic purpura....
Iga deficiency definition: One of the most prevalent immune deficiency disorders, IgA deficiency is defined as low blood serum levels of a special type of protein called immunoglobulin A (IgA). This deficiency hinders function of the immune system. People with this deficiency lack immunoglobulin A (IgA), a type of antibody th...
Ileitis is the inflammation of the small intestine. When not treated, it can lead to peritonitis, a disease in which the small intestine becomes heavily damaged & will need to be replaced....
Iliotibial band friction syndrome definition: Iliotibial Band Syndrome is one of the primary causes of lateral knee pain in runners. The iliotibial band is a superficial thickening of tissue on the outside of the thigh, extending from the outside of the pelvis, over the hip & knee & inserting in the lower part of the knee. The band is crucial i...
Iliotibial band syndrome is a common injury suffered by the tibia. This occurs often to athletic persons & those who are highly engaged with strenuous activities such as running & weight lifting....
Illum syndrome, also known as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita whistling face, is a kind of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, a rare congenital disorder that causes multiple joint contractures & is characterized by muscle weakness & fibrosis....
Impacted wisdom tooth definition: In dental terminology an "impacted" tooth refers to a tooth that has not been able to emerge fully into its expected position. This failure to erupt properly might occur since there is not enough room in the person's jaw to accommodate the tooth, or because the angulation of the tooth is improper....
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is a common pre-diabetic state in which insulin resistance may cause cardiovascular problems. It can be the start of the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus. This condition can be treated by changes in diet & lifestyle to prevent the development of diabetes. Sugar inta...
An imperforate anus or anal atresia is a congenital defect in which the rectum is malformed....
An imperforate hymen refers to a partial or total closure of the hymen, the inner covering of the female genital area located inside the vulva. This is a congenital defect that occurred during the development of the fetus while the mother is pregnant. This condition can cause sterility & mild menstr...
Impetigo is a superficial bacterial skin infection most common among children age 2-6 years. Mostly people who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football & wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age. The name is from the Latin impetere ("assail"). It is also called as school s...
Impingement syndrome is a condition where the tendons of the rotator cuff rub & cause friction against the bones of the shoulder. This is commonly felt by people who incur injuries in the scapular area....
Impossible Syndrome, also known as Chondrodysplasia situs inversus imperforate anus polydactyly, is a complex combination of human congenital malformations (birth defects). The malformations include chondrodysplasia (improper growth of bone & cartilage), situs inversus totalis (chest & abdominal org...
Impotence is an inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. Medical professionals commonly use the term "erectile dysfunction" to describe this disorder & to differentiate it from other problems that interfere with sexual intercourse, such as lack of sexual desire & problems ...
Inborn branched chain aminoaciduria definition: Amoniacidura is a descriptive term used to cindicate the excretion of one or more amino acids in the urine in amounts greater than those usually encountered....
Inborn errors of metabolism are made up of a large class of genetic diseases involving disorders of metabolism. The majority are due to defects of single genes that code for enzymes that facilitate conversion of various substances into others (products). In most of the disorders, problems occur due ...
Sporadic inclusion body myositis (acronym: sIBM) is a rare condition marked by gradually progressive wasting & weakness of the proximal & distal muscles. This inflammatory muscle disease is most evident in the muscles of the legs & arms. Two progressive processes, one degenerative & the other autoim...
Inclusion conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva (the membrane that lines the eyelids & covers the white part, or sclera, of the eyeball) by the chlamydia trachomatis....
Incontinence, urinary definition: Urinary incontinence is any involuntary leakage of urine. It is a common & distressing problem, which may have a profound impact on quality of one's life. Urinary incontinence almost always arises from an underlying treatable medical condition....
Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP) is a genetic disorder that affects the skin, hair, nails & teeth. It is also called Bloch Sulzberger syndrome, Bloch Siemens syndrome, melanoblastosis cutis & naevus pigmentosus systematicus....
Indigestion definition: The condition is also referred to as an upset stomach where in an individual feels a discomfort in the upper abdomen. It is also a group of symptoms that usually includes nausea, heartburn, bloating & belching....
Infant respiratory distress syndrome ("RDS", also known as "Respiratory distress syndrome of newborn", previously called hyaline membrane disease), is a syndrome caused in premature infants by developmental insufficiency of surfactant production & structural immaturity in the lungs. It can also aris...
Infantile paralysis is the old name for the disease poliomyelitis (or polio). It is an infectious disease transmitted from one's saliva or feces & it can lead to paralysis & muscle dystrophy....
Infantile spasms, or West syndrome, is an interictal EEG pattern termed hypsarrhythmia & mental retardation, although the diagnosis can be made even if one of the 3 elements is missing (according to the international classification). This severe epilepsy syndrome is an age-dependent manifestation of...
Infantile spinal muscular atrophy definition: Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a term used to describe a number of different disorders, all having in common a genetic cause & the manifestation of weakness due to loss of the motor neurons of the spinal cord & brainstem....
Infectious arthritis is a form of joint inflammation that is caused by a germ. The germ can be a virus, bacterium, or a fungus. Infection of the joints typically occurs after a previous infection elsewhere in the body....
Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection affecting the endocardial surface of the heart. The intracardiac effects of this infection include severe valvular insufficiency, which may result to intractable congestive heart failure & myocardial abscesses....
Infertility means not being able to become pregnant after a year of trying. If a woman keeps on having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Several couples have infertility problems. For the third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third case, it is because of th...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease refers to two chronic diseases that cause inflammation of the intestines: ulcerative colitis & Crohn's disease. While the diseases have some features in common, there are some important differences....
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare but aggressive type of breast cancer that progresses rapidly, making the affected breast red, swollen & tender. It's a locally advanced cancer, which means it has spread from its point of origin to nearby tissue & possibly to nearby lymph nodes....
Influenza, more commonly known as "the flu," is an illness caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract. Compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza infection often leads to a more severe illness with a mortality rate (death rate) of about 0.1% of...
An ingrown toenail is a common condition in which the corner or side of one of the toenails grows into the soft flesh of that toe. The result is pain, swelling, redness & sometimes, an infection. An ingrown toenail usually affects the big toe....
Inguinal hernias happen when the soft tissue sticks out through a fragile point or cut in the lower abdominal wall which can be painful when coughing, bending or lifting heavy objects....
Inguinal hernias occur when soft tissue - usually part of the intestine - protrudes through a weak point or tear in the lower abdominal wall. The resulting bulge of this common condition can be painful - especially when the person coughs, bends over or lifts a heavy object...
Insomnia is a sleeping disorder characterized by persistent difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep despite the opportunity. It is typically followed by functional impairment while staying awake. Insomniacs is known to complain about unable to close their eyes or "rest their mind" for more than ...
Insulin resistance is the condition in which normal amounts of insulin are inadequate to produce a normal insulin response from fat, muscle & liver cells. Insulin resistance in fat cells reduces the effects of insulin & results in elevated hydrolysis of stored triglycerides in the absence of measure...
An insulinoma is a tumour of the pancreas derived from the beta cells which while keeping the ability to synthesize & secrete insulin is autonomous of the normal feedback mechanisms....
Intercostal neuralgia is a rare condition wherein abdominal pain is very much present. It is characterized by the swelling of the thorax-abdomen region located at the rib cage....
Intermitten claudication definition: Intermittent claudication is the occurrence of cramp-like pain on the calves. This usually occurs during heavy exercise or in the midst of strenuous physical activity. SYMPTOMS...
Intermittent explosive disorder is a behavioral disorder characterized by extreme expressions of anger, often to the point of uncontrollable rage, that are disproportionate to the situation at hand. It is usually categorized in the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as an impulse co...
Internal bleeding is a process where blood vessels are suddenly ruptured despite the absence of an open wound. This is more popularly known as internal hemorrhage....
PAGES: 1 | 2  >> 


Share on Google Plus Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn
Find @ SignsSymptoms.org: Diseases Conditions 'What Is Diseases', Treatments, Signs & Symptoms, Health Articles & Library

Home | About | Contact | Privacy Policy | Sitemap
Copyright 2018 © SignsSymptoms.org - All Rights Reserved