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DISEASES INDEX [G]

Common Diseases List (G): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

G6pd deficiency definition: G6PD is an inherited disorder wherein the body's cells are unable to produce a sufficient amount of the enzyme glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase or G6PD. This enzyme is important in supporting the red blood cells in their activities. This deficiency may lead to hemolytic anemia especially when the p...
A galactocele is a cystic tumor in the breast that contains a milky substance, or even milk. This disorder usually occurs when lactation has already ceased....
Galactokinase deficiency is also known as GALK deficiency or Galactosemia type 2. This disorder is marked by the accumulation of galactitol & galactose in the body due to the decreased conversion of galactose to galactose-1-phosphate by the enzyme galactokinase....
Galactorrhea is otherwise known as the spontaneous discharge of milk unrelated to pregnancy or nursing. It is defined by Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care as "nipple discharge"....
Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency is also known as the first of three types of Galactosemia or otherwise called classic galactosemia. Since galactose is converted through the action of three enzymes, any deficiency in either of these enzymes would lead to galactosemia. Classic galac...
Galactosemia is a rare congenital metabolic disorder which undermines the affected individual's ability to properly metabolize galactose, one of the sugars found in dairy products. The disorder was first described in 1917 by Goppert & later fully identified in 1956 by a group led by Herman Kalckar. ...
Gall bladder disease is characterized by the infection, inflammation, or obstruction of the gallbladder. Gall bladder disease is also alternatively known as gallbladder attack, biliary disease, or biliary colic....
Gallbladder cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the gallbladder in particular & the biliary tract in general. The gallbladder, along with the bile duct, is responsible for transporting bile. Cancerous gallbladder tumors are called adenocarcinomas, which commonly develop in the inner surface...
Galloway Mowat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder found to on autosomal recessive genes. There are many varieties of Galloway Mowat syndrome. It is also known as Hiatal Hernia - Microcephaly - Neprhosis, Galloway Type; Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrosis, Galloway Type; Nephrosis-Microcephaly Synd...
Gamstorp episodic adynamy is the name taken by Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP) when it occurs in humans. Usually, HYPP (known as Impressive Syndrome as well), is a disorder that affects the channels for sodium in the muscle cells & incapacitates regulation of potassium in the blood. This diso...
Ganglioglioma, otherwise known as Gangliocytoma, is a disease characterized by the presence of rare tumors. These tumors grow from ganglion cells in the area of the central nervous system, primarily composed of the brain & the spinal cord. Ganglion cells are another way of calling neurons that are f...
Ganglion cyst definition: Known as "bible bump" is a swelling that often appears on or around joints & tendons in the hand or foot. The size of the cyst can change over time, often becoming more inflamed if irritated. It is often located around the wrist & on the fingers....
Gangrene definition: Complication of necrosis which is the 'cell death' characterized by the decay of body tissues, which become black & malodorous. It caused by infection or ischemia, such as from thrombosis (blocked blood vessel)....
Ganser syndrome is a dissociative disorder wherein an individual uncontrollably mimics another person's behavior. Persons with this kind of disorder usually give nonsensical answers to questions. The disease is also called pseudodementia or prison psychosis....
Gardner syndrome definition: Gardner's syndrome is a disease characterized by the growth of polyps in the colon accompanied by tumors outside the colon. The tumors found in the areas which are away from the colon may range from thyroid cancer, fibromas, sebaceous cysts, osteomas in the skull & epidermoid cysts. The polyps found...

GAS

Gas, or flatulence, is the release of excessive amounts of gas present in the digestive tract. Gastrointestinal gas is made up of swallowed nitrogen & oxygen, as well as methane, hydrogen & carbon dioxide. When gases are unable to be digested, they end up being released as flatus. Flatulence gives o...
Gas in the digestive tract definition: Gas is created in the digestive tract due to swallowing air & the breaking of foods by bacteria that are found in the colon. Gas is eliminated by burping or passing gas....
Gas pains definition: These are air bubbles that can get trapped in the stomach and/or passed on to the intestine....
Gastric cancer pertains to cancer of the stomach. Adenocarcinomas, lymphomas, carcinoid tumors & gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common types of gastric cancer....
Gastric dumping syndrome, otherwise known as rapid gastric emptying, occurs when the small intestine's lower end, called the jejunum, fills up too fast with undigested food routed from the stomach. Rapid gastric emptying is experienced in two forms: early dumping commences after the meal or during t...
Gastric emptying, rapid definition: Rapid gastric emptying, also known as dumping syndrome, occurs when undigested food empties too quickly into the small intestine....
Gastric erosion is the inflammation of the stomach lining. It is a minor ulcer in the innermost part of the stomach. When left untreated, it becomes a gastric ulcer....
Primary gastric lymphoma is a rare condition whereby a lymphoma originates from the stomach. This condition accounts for less than 15% of gastric conditions & only 2% of all lymphomas. However, because of the fact that the stomach is an extremely usual site for lymphomas that originate in other orga...
Gastritis definition: Inflammation of the gastric mucosa of the stomach. Depending on the cause, gastritis may persist acutely or chronically & may coincide with more serious condition such as atrophy of the stomach....
Gastroenteritis definition: Also known as gastro, gastric flu & stomach flu. It refers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, involving both the stomach & the small intestine resulting to acute diarrhea....
Gastroenteritis, eosinophilic definition: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a condition first documented in 1937 by Kaijser. It manifests as the diffuse eosinophilic infiltration in the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract, usually with chronic relapses. Any point of the gastrointestinal tract may contract this condition & how it manifests d...
Gastrointestinal anthrax is a disease formed when the anthrax bacteria attacks the gastrointestinal system. This disrupts the function of the digestive tract leading to stomach poisoning & eventual death....
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by fungi. It is characterized by a painless lump underneath the stomach lining, which eventually causes abdominal pain & swelling. It can also cause the development of elephantiasis. The lump that grew on the abdomen may block the lymph no...
Gastrointestinal bleeding is a form of hemorrhage that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, reaching from the pharynx down to the rectum. The bleeding can be very life-threatening....
Gastrointestinal cancers definition: These are rare tumor of the gastrointestinal tract also known 'GIST'. GIST is a form of joint tissue cancer or sarcoma. GISTs are therefore non-epithelial tumors, separate from common forms of bowel cancer....
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are rare, benign growths in the gastrointestinal tract....
Gastroparesis, also known as delayed gastric emptying, is a medical condition consisting of a paresis (partial paralysis) of the stomach ("gastro-"), resulting in food remaining in the stomach for a longer period of time than normal. Normally, the stomach contracts to move food down into the small i...
Gastroparesis happens when the muscles in the stomach are not properly functioning which prevents an individual from emptying properly....
Gaucher disease type 1 definition: Gaucher disease is the disease of the lysosome, resulting from the deficiency of the glucocerebrosidase disease resulting in accumulation of its fatty substrate, glucocerebroside. This causes fat to accumulate in the brain, bone marrow, liver, lungs, kidneys & spleen. People with Gaucher disease are...
Gaucher disease type 2 definition: Gaucher disease is a commonly found lysosomal storage disorder, resulting from the deficiency of the glucocerebrosidase enzyme. The absence of this enzyme allows the collection of fatty material in organs like the brain, bone marrow, kidneys, spleen, lungs & liver. The disease was originally describ...
Gaucher disease type 3 definition: Gaucher disease was first described in 1882 by Philippe Gaucher. Today, this is the most common lysosomal storage diseases, resulting in deficiency in glucocerebrosidase. As a result, fatty material settles in the liver, lung, spleen, brain, bone marrow & kidneys. Type I which occurs in 1 out of 50,...
Gaucher disease type 4 definition: First described in 1882 by French physician Philippe Gaucher, Gaucher disease is one of today's most common lysosomal storage diseases. As a result of the lack of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase, fatty materials accumulate in the brain, bone marrow, liver, lung, spleen & the kidneys. This disease is c...
Geleophysic dwarfism is known by other names, the more popular one being Acromicric dysplasia. This disease that results in a combination of bodily deformities is an extremely rare disorder that is hereditary & inheritable in nature....
Gelineau disease, otherwise called narcolepsy, is a neurological disorder that causes excessive daytime sleepiness or EDS. The patient may experience disturbed sleep, which might be mistaken for insomnia or other rapid-eye movement (REM) disorders....
Gender identity disorder is a mental illness in which a person shifts from his/her physiological gender identity to that of the opposite sex....
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder that is marked by excessive, uncontrollable & often irrational worry about everyday things, which is disproportionate to the actual source of worry. This excessive worry often interferes with daily functioning, as individuals suffering GAD us...
Genetic disorders inborn definition: Genetic disorders are genetic anomalies that are usually associated with diseases encoded in the genetic material of cells since the conception of a child. Some forms of these genetic disorders are a result of abnormalities due to errors in cell division, causing either a lack of an X or a Y chromos...
Genital herpes is a highly contagious (STD) sexually transmitted disease....
Genital system cancer is the collective term for cancers that affect the organs in the genital system. Included in this group are vaginal cancer, penis cancer & vulva cancer....
Genital warts definition: Highly contagious sexually transmitted infection. Genital warts often occur in clusters & can be carry tiny or can spread into large masses in the genital or penis area. For women they occur on the outside & inside of the vagina on the opening (cervix) to the womb (uterus) or around anus....
Genu varum is a physical deformity often called "bow-leggedness" as it manifests as an outward curving of the legs, with great resemblance to a bow. This is characterized by the deformity in both the femur & tibia. It is important to note that if the curvature is only found on the tibia & not on the...
Genuphobia definition: Genuphonia is an abnormal, persistent & irrational fear of knees or kneeling. Other names are fear or knee, fear of knees, knee fear, knee phobia, knees fear, knees phobia, phobia of knee & or phobia of knees. It is a persistent fear of knees that a person forces himself to avoid....
Geographical tongue results when the layer of small bumps called papillae that cover the tongue are missing. If the papillae are missing, it creates smooth patches of red in the tongue; it can also show an appearance that like a map....
Gerd definition: Gastroesophageal reflux disease, known by the moniker GERD, is a disease characterized by damage resulting from an abnormal acid reflux into the esophagal track. This is usually a result of the barrier between the stomach & the esophagus changing....
Gerhardt disease is a rare muscoskeletal condition characterized by intense pain & severe redness of the feet. It is also known as erythromelalgia....
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