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DISEASES INDEX [F]

Common Diseases List (F): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Fabry disease is basically caused by the faulty or lack of enzyme that are needed to efficiently metabolize lipids, which are fat-like substances that include waxes, oils & fatty acids. This enzyme is known as alpha-galactosidase-A or otherwise known as ceramide trihexosidase....
Facet degeneration syndrome is a severe kind of back pain that affects the facet joint. It is associated with another back illness, degenerative disc disease....
Facial palsy or Bell's palsy is a temporary form of facial paralysis occurring when the nerve that controls movement of the muscles in the face are damaged....
Facial paralysis is quite a common problem that primarily involves the paralysis of any facial structure that is innervated by the nerve of the face. The main pathway of the human facial nerve is relatively convoluted & long, which means there are a number of underlying causes that may result to the...
Faciocutaneoskeletal syndrome is a rare congenital disorder that takes place on the different organs of the body, causing multisystem disorder....
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy is also commonly known by another medical term as Landouzy-Dejerine. This is categorized as an autosomal dominant type of muscular dystrophy that primarily affects the patient's skeletal muscles of the scapula, face & upper arms. It is categorized as one of the...
Factitious disorder definition: Also known as Munchausen syndrome, Factitious disorder is a serious mental disorder in which someone pretends to be sick or deliberately causes illness of injury to fulfill his or her deep emotional needs. The disease is names after Baron von Munchausen. People with factitious disorder often make up...
Factor II deficiency is categorized is an extremely rare disorder. To date, there are only about 26 reported cases of this medical condition & is said to only occur 1 in 2 million individuals. This is known as an autosomal recessive disorder that equally affects both women & men. This is also known ...
Factor V deficiency is a hereditary disorder in which there is an anomalous blood coagulation, resulting from a deficiency in a plasma protein called Factor V. Factor V functions as an enzyme cofactor; the deficiency will lead to a tendency for hemorrhage, while some mutations influence thrombosis....
Factor V Leiden mutation is a widespread clotting disorder caused by the mutation of a gene in the clotting of Factor V. The mutation results to Factor V responding more gradually to Protein C. Protein C is an anti-clotting aspect that usually controls Factor V activity. Consequently, individuals wi...
Factor VII deficiency is an uncommon disorder that's hereditary in which there is a lack of sufficient plasma protein Factor VII. The deficiency leads to coagulation or abnormal clotting of the blood. Clinical bleeding may vary widely & doesn't always associate with Factor VII coagulant activity lev...
Factor VIII deficiency is an uncommon bleeding disorder in which a fundamental clotting factor, known as gene Factor VIII, is lacking. The lack leads to Hemophilia A disorder, which results to an increased bleeding risk from injuries, particularly injuries on joints, brain, muscles & digestive tract...
Factor X Deficiency, Congenital -is an uncommon inherited disorder that involves the lack of a protein, known as Factor X, in one's blood. The deficiency in the protein leads to blood clotting problems, ranging from mild to serious. Women affected by the deficiency may experience extremely heavy men...
Factor XI Deficiency, Congenital -is an uncommon hereditary bleeding disorder that involves a deficiency in blood protein Factor XI. This blood protein is required for the process of blood clotting. The disorder is typically mild, but its severity is variable. Factor XI deficiency may initially mani...
Factor XIII Deficiency, Congenital -is a very uncommon hereditary blood disorder that is characterized by anomalous blood clotting resulting in abnormal bleeding. Factor XIII is fundamentally a 'plasma transglutaminase', which catalyzes the last step of coagulation cascade; it cross-links 'loose fib...
Fahr's disease is an uncommon genetically dominant neurological disorder in which there is a presence of abnormal calcium deposits in brain areas that control movement, including the 'cerebral cortex' & 'basal ganglia'. This condition is frequently referred to as IBGC or 'idiopathic basal ganglia ca...
Fainting definition: Vasovagal syncope is the most common type of fainting. There are a number of different syncope syndromes; all which falling under the umbrella of vasovagal syncope. The central mechanism leading to loss of consciousness is the common element among these conditions. The only difference among them is ...
Fallen arches or also known as Pes planovalgus, is a condition where the arch or instep of the foot collapses & comes in contact with the ground. This arch never develops in some individuals....
Fallen bladder is also called cystocele. This condition occurs when the wall in between the bladder & the vagina becomes weak allowing the bladder to fall into the vagina & causing problems emptying the bladder. A bladder that dropped off from the normal position may cause problems unwanted leakage ...
Fallot tetralogy is a rare condition that involves defects inside the structures of the heart of young children & infants. Jointly, these defects lead to poor oxygen in blood flowing from the heart into the body. As a result, children & infants with this condition typically show blue-tinged skin....
Familial adenomatous polyposis is a common genetic disorder that can lead to cancer of the colon if it is left undetected. Affected individuals develop countless 'adenomatous colorectal polyps' in the rectum or colon, particularly during their teenage years & twenties. The polyps aren't cancerous, b...
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy, otherwise known as Corino de Andrade's Disease, is a deadly & untreatable health condition that was first identified in the 1950s. This disease is characterized by amyloidogenic transthyretin protein that aer systematically deposited particularly in the peripheral ne...
Familial emphysema is a kind of emphysema brought about by genetic problems rather than smoking. It is caused by a deficiency of the AAT enzyme that protects the elastin found in the lung alveoli. When the elastin is damaged, serious pulmonary problems may occur....
Familial mediterranean fever definition: A genetic health condition, familial Mediterranean fever is characterized by the repeating occurrences of inflammation in the chest, abdomen, or joints. These episodes, which were found to be painful, typically happen along with fever & at times, a rash....
Familial paroxysmal peritonitis or also known as Familial Mediterranean fever is an inherited inflammatory disorder usually occurring among people with Mediterranean origin. A rare disorder, it is typically diagnosed during childhood....
Familial periodic paralysis is an uncommon genetic disease that brings about weakness, or more severely, paralysis, but rarely causes death. While this is is passed on through the genes, not everyone in the family suffer the same degree of the condition....
Familial Polyposis is a genetic medical condition that attacks the patient's large intestine. Although this disease is considered rare, leaving it untreatedd can cause the onset of cancer....
Fan death is a South Korean urban legend which states that an electric fan, if left running overnight in a closed room, can result in the death (by suffocation when oxygen is "stolen" from the victims, poisoning, or hypothermia) of those inside....
Fanconi syndrome is also known as Fanconi's syndrome is a disorder where in function of the proximal tubular of the kidney is damaged that results to reduced re-absorption of electrolytes & nutrients back into the bloodstream. Amino acids, glucose, phosphate, uric acid & bicarbonate are the compound...
Fanconi syndrome, renal, with nephrocalcinosis and renal stones definition: Fanconi Syndrome (also called Fanconi's syndrome) is a disorder in which the proximal tubular function of the kidney is impaired, leading to an decreased reabsorption of electrolytes & nutrients back into the bloodstream. Compounds involved include glucose, uric acid, amino acids, phosphate & bicarb...
Fanconi's anemia (FA) is an inherited ailment that involves children & adults belonging to all ethnic backgrounds. FA is distinguished by skeletal abnormalities, short figure, elevated occurrence of solid tumors & leukemias, failure in bone marrow & cellular sensitivity destroying agents like mitomy...
Farber's disease is also referred to as Farber's lipogranulomatosis or ceramidase deficiency it illustrates a group of unusual autosomal recessive disorders that results from the build up of lipids in the joints, central nervous system & tissues....
Farmer's lung definition: Also known as hypersensitivity alveolitis or extrinsic allergic alveolitis, Farmer's Lung is defined as the occupational or environmental lung condition that is common among those who are constantly exposed to moldy crops like corn, grain, hay & straw....
Farsightedness or hyperopia is a common vision condition in which an affected person can see objects in the distance clearly, but objects nearby may be blurry. The degree of farsightedness determines your focusing ability & for people with severe farsightedness, they can only clearly see objects at ...
Fasciculations are muscle twitches that occur within the involuntary muscles underneath the skin. They occur due to a sudden discharge of skeletal muscle fibers. Most fasciculations are benign....
Fascioliasis is defined as a type of infection that is brought about by Trematoda, a certain class of flukes. Otherwise known as Fasciola Gigantica or sheep liver fluke, this condition is present worldwide, specifically in areas where cattle or sheep production is prevalent....
Fatal familial insomnia is a very rare & deadly disease that affects the central nervous system. It results to 'spongiform degeneration' of the neurons inside the brain. It is characterized by extended incubation period & it can be inherited, sporadic, or result from the intake of some contaminated ...
Fatigue from cancer fatigue definition: Cancer-induced fatigue is fatigue characterized by extreme weakness & weight loss due to the effects of cancer in the body. This is a common symptom among people with cancer....
Fatty liver is a condition that involves the accumulation of too much fat in one's liver cells. It's normal for the liver to have some fat; however, if this fat makes up more than ten percent of the weight of the liver, then one has a fatty liver & can develop more grave symptoms. The extra fat can ...
Favism, also known as glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, is an X-linked recessive disease that demonstrates insufficient amounts of the G6PD enzyme. This enzyme is important to red blood cell metabolism. Patients with the disease may suffer from non-immune hemolytic anemia....
Fazio Londe syndrome is an uncommon hereditary 'motor neuron' disorder found in young adults & children. The disease is distinguished by progressive weakness of the muscle that ultimately results to untimely death. Neuromuscular transmission in these muscles might be abnormal due to immature reinerv...
Febrile convulsions are a kind of convulsion that last only a few minutes. Unlike epileptic convulsions, febrile convulsions are not dangerous. They are caused by body reactions towards infections. They do exhibit the same characteristics as other seizures, such as labored breathing, drooling & clen...
Febrile seizure usually happens in young kids & babies & it is because of high body temperature & fever. Luckily, when a child or a baby experiences febrile seizure it does not result to damage in the brain or any severe complications. Although, a baby that has febrile seizure should be attended imm...
Fecal impaction is the medical term used to describe a solid bulk of stool due to chronic constipation....
Fecal incontinence definition: The inability to take control of bowel movements which causes the stool to drip from the rectum unexpectedly...
Fecal incontinence or Bowel incontinence is the loss of bowel control, resulting in involuntary passage of stool. This can range from an occasional leakage of stool with the passage of gas, to a complete loss of control of bowel movements....
Feer disease, or Swift-Feer disease, refers to mercury poisoning. It is an illness caused by long-term exposure to the metal mercury. This can lead serious health problems in the different body organs such as the liver & gastrointestinal tract....
Feingold syndrome is an extremely uncommon syndrome with several congenital anomalies. The syndrome is characterized largely by gastrointestinal abnormalities, toe & finger deformities, eye abnormities & a small head. The features of the syndrome share considerable overlap with Vacterl & Vater conne...
Feline spongiform encephalopathy is one of the three kinds of Prion diseases that greatly affect humans & animals. It is a contagious disease that triggers the brain's function, making patients exhibit unusual, uncontrollable behaviors. This can be a fatal disease when not immediately treated. Other...
Felty's syndrome is a result of long-standing rheumatoid arthritis. It is characterized by the presence of rheumatoid arthritis, an enlarged spleen & low white blood cell count....
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