Home » DISEASES INDEX [C]

DISEASES INDEX [C]

Common Diseases List (C): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

C syndrome is also known by another medical term opitz trigonocephaly syndrome, which is categorized as a very rare disorder typically transmitted as a result of a "gonadal mosaicism". This condition is present in people with different cells in its genetic makeup, usually with the number of chromoso...
C. difficile (Clostridium difficile) is a type of bacterium that causes a widespread & serious illness. This bacterium can be found almost anywhere & can easily infect people....
CADASIL, which stands for cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortial artifacts & leukoencephalopathy, is a type of inherited stroke disorder, usually attacks persons aged 30-50 years old. The disease is fatal, as patients usually die around 12 years after symptoms show. The disease aff...
Cafe au lait spots are generally birthmarks that are characterized by some brown cutaneous macules which are usually evident at birth & may strongly suggest possibility of Albright's syndrome or neurofibromatosis. The color of the birthmark may vary from dark to light brown with some irregular or sm...
Calcification is a condition where there is a building up of calcium in the soft tissue causing said tissue to harden...
Calcinosis is a medical condition whereby there is a formation of calcium phosphates deposits in any soft tissue of the body....
Calcinosis cutis definition: A term used to describe a group of disorders in which calcium deposits from in the skin, Calcinosis cutis or cutaneous calcification may result from a variety of factors. Occurring in soft tissues as a response to injury, dystrophic calcification is the most common source of this disease. Classified...
Calciphylaxis is a highly morbid syndrome of vascular calcification & skin necrosis that is poorly understood. Mostly seen exclusively in patients with end stage renal disease, Caciphylaxis results in chronic non-healing wounds & requires parathyroidectomy & hyperbaric therapy. Considered as a rare ...
Calculi are stones that form in an organ or duct of the body. Stones are concretions of materials, usually mineral salts that can cause various important medical conditions....
Camfac definition: CAMFAK syndrome or CAMAK syndrome is only an acronym used to describing a rare & inherited neurological disease. It is characterized by peripheral & central demyelization of nerves, similar to that seen in Cockayne syndrome. The name "CAMFAK" is derived from the first letters of the characteristic f...
Campylobacter infection definition: Campylobacteriosis is an infection caused by the bacteria campylobacter or most commonly known as C. jejuni. Considered as among the most common human bacterial infections, it can be transmitted in several ways such as fecal-oral, person-to-person sexual contact & ingestion of contaminated food or w...
Campylobacteriosis is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria called Campylobacter; commonly found in the stool of infected people & animals, processed food products contaminated in the process & preparation, poorly cooked chicken & other contaminated fruits that have not been hygienically prepar...
Canavan Disease (also know as ACY2 deficiency) is a rare genetic defect that characterizes a spongy deterioration of the brain & spinal cord. The symptoms that indicate the spread of the disease develop at infancy, usually beginning with progressive mental decline & rapid loss of head control, balan...
Canavan leukodystrophy definition: Canavan disease is an autosomal recessive disorder that is the most common cerebral degenerative disease of infancy. The disease causes progressive damage to the brain's nerve cells. It is also a gene-linked, neurological birth disorder, wherein the white matter of the brain disintegrate into spongy...
Cancer is a group of diseases in which cells are hostile, invasive & sometimes metastatic. These three are considered malignant properties of cancers that differentiate them from benign tumors. Although some benign tumor types are capable of being malignant, they are usually self-limited in their gr...
Cancer in children is a group of cancers that usually occur in children below 5 years of age. These cancers can be extremely fatal when not treated, just like the cancers that develop in adults. The most common cancers that affect children are blood-related, but other kinds include the brain & kidne...
Candidiasis definition: Commonly called yeast infection or thrush, candidiasis is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any of the Candida species. The most common Candida specie is Candida albicans. Candidiasis includes infections that range from superficial, such as oral thrush & vaginitis, to systemic & potentially life-threa...
Canine distempers are a highly contagious disease that primarily affects dogs & other types of carnivores. This medical condition is still considered reasonably common despite decades of vaccinations. The severity of this disease can vary from mild to seriously fatal....
Canker Sores are small, superficial & painful lesions, which usually develop on the soft tissues of the mouth (under the tongue, inside cheeks or lips & at the base of the gums). Canker sores are presented as either round or oval with a white border & white or yellow center....
Capillaritis definition: Characterized by leakage of red blood cells from small, superficial blood vessels that result in pinpoint-like hemorrhages (petechiae) is called capillaritis. Usually a life-long condition, flaring intermittently, it is frequently found in patients with long periods of extended standing related to t...
Caplan's syndrome definition: It is also referred to as Caplan's disease it is a combined disease of rheumatoid arthritis & pneumoconiosis which shows as intrapulmonary nodules that appear homogenous & visible with the use of chest X-ray. Patients suffering from this disease have a scar & swelled lungs & they might have also bee...
Carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome definition: It is a medical condition that is an unusual genetic metabolic disorder where in the where malfunctioning carbohydrate compounds are connected to glycoproteins & results to damaged glycoprotein function. Carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome involves a defect in the phosphomannomutase enzyme ...
Carbon monoxide poisoning is a condition resulting from exposure to a colorless, odorless, tasteless, yet potentially fatal gas known as carbon monixde....
Carcinoid syndrome points to the collection of symptoms that happen next to carcinoid tumors. Carcinoid tumors happen together along with gastrointestinal tract (GI) that are distinct, colored yellow & well-circumscribed tumors. The tumors usually affect the ileum, appendix & rectum & it is usually ...
Carcinoid tumors pertain to rare growths of potentially cancerous masses in several areas of the body. They most commonly occur in the lungs & in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, appendix, small intestine, rectum & colon....
Carcinoma, squamous cell is a type of cancer of the carcinoma that may happen in several diverse organs which includes the skin, mouth, lips, esophagus, urinary bladder, prostrate, lungs & cervix. It is a nasty squamous epithelium, epithelium that presents differentiation in squamous cell....
Cardiac amyloidosis is a medical condition that is a type of amyloidosis the reason of which is because of the deposits of an amyloid protein in the heart tissue that results to the reduced function of the heart....
Cardiac arrest is also recognized as cardiorespiratory arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest & it is the sudden stop of normal flow of the blood because of the failure of the heart to contract efficiently during systole. Cardiac arrest varies from a heart attack or myocardial infarcti...
Cardiac syndrome X is a kind of chest pain associated with reduced blood flow to the heart but the coronary arteries remain normal. This disorder is found to be an effect of other vasospastic problems such as Raynaud's phenomenon & migraine....
Cardiac tamponade, is also known by another medical term as pericardial tamponade, which is characterized as an emergency condition where fluid accumulates in the sac that encloses the heart. The accumulation of the fluid can significantly elevate the heart's pressure & can ultimately lead to shock ...
Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome is a congenital anomaly characterized by mental retardation & marked with heart defects, ectodermal abnormalities as well as growth failure. This medical condition was first discovered in 1986 & to date, there are less than 300 recorded cases of this congenital disorder...
Cardiomyopathy is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason....
Cardiospasm is the muscular failure among the esophagus & the stomach to open where in obstructing the passage of food into the stomach which causes the food to go into the esophagus. Cardiospasm is also known as achalasia & other terms for this condition are as follows achalasia cardiae, cardiospas...
Carney complex (CNC) is characterized as a lentiginosis syndrome & familial multiple neoplasma. Patients with this medical condition are observed to have spotty skin pigmentation, multiple myxomas & tumors of the thyroid & endocrine glands....
Carnitine transporter deficiency is a hereditary carnitine deficiency, which is a result of defective proteins. These proteins are called carnitine transporters. These transporters are responsible for carrying carnitine to wherever it's needed in the body & prevents it from being excreted. With the ...
Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency is an uncommon fatty-acid oxidation disorder, which stops the body from transforming essential fatty acids to energy. Carnitine is generally acquired through one's diet & is utilized by body cells in processing fats & producing energy. Individuals with ...
Caroli disease is categorized as an uncommon congenital disease that involves the cystic dilatation of the liver's intrahepatic bile ducts. It has two types, known as Simple Caroli disease & Complex Caroli disease. The first type is characterized by ectasia or dilatation of bile ducts, while the lat...
Carotenemia is a condition of excess beta-carotene in one's blood. It's common & generally harmless in infants, usually appearing when they start eating solids. Ingestion of too much beta-carotene containing foods, deposits the carotene in one's skin adding yellow color to it. While the condition is...
Carotid artery dissection involves a tear in an inner artery lining, known as carotid artery. Carotid arteries supply blood to the brain & are located in the neck's front portion. The condition may be critical & needs immediate medical attention....
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition wherein the carpal tunnel's median nerve is pinched or entrapped due to swelling tendons or nerve or both. Carpal tunnel safeguards the major nerve to the hand, as well as the nine tendons responsible for bending the fingers. When pressure is placed on this majo...
Carpenter syndrome is classified as a very rare or uncommon genetic disorder, distinguished through premature closure of skull bones, growth retardation, heart defects, craniofacial abnormalities & other health disorders. It is usually manifests at/or shortly following birth....
Castleman's disease is considered an uncommon illness affecting the lymph nodes & the body's immune-cell structures. The disease is categorized as lymphoproliferative disorder; meaning it involves overgrowth or proliferation of the lymphatic cells. While it's similar to lymphatic system cancers in m...
Cat Eye syndrome is a very uncommon chromosomal disorder relating to chromosome 22 genetic abnormalities. The syndrome affects the eyes' appearance & can be apparent at birth. Its name is derived from the distinctive eye abnormality present in affected individuals. This characteristic consists of th...
Catatonic schizophrenia is a subtype of chronic mental illness known as schizophrenia, which is characterized by altered perception of reality, behavior & thinking. Patients with catatonic schizophrenia are typically extremely inactive or display minimal movements that seem disconnected from their s...
CATCH 22 syndrome comprises an extensive range of developmental defects linked to microdeletions of chromosomal area 22q11.2. More known examples of CATCH 22 phenotype are Velo-Cardio-Facial syndrome, DiGeorge syndrome & Opitz GBBB syndrome. The acronym CATCH 22 summarizes the major medical features...
Catel Manzke syndrome is an uncommon genetic disorder combining glossoptosis, cleft palate & micrognathia with an abnormality of the index fingers. Apart from the major features, there are also several related malformations described, particularly growth retardation & cardiac defect....
Cat-scratch disease is a communicable disease transmitted through the bacteria in a cat's saliva. The disease can be caught from a cat's bite or scratch & may be passed on from cat to human. The disease isn't severe in healthy people, but it may be a problem for those who have a weak immune system....
Caudal regression syndrome is an uncommon disorder wherein the fetal spine's bottom portion does not properly develop. As a result, abnormalities that can be mild or severe occur. The syndrome can lead to various problems, varying from partial nonappearance of the spine's tailbone areas, to severe c...
Causalgia is defined as a chronic pain disease that typically affects the leg or arm. It is characterized by reduced motion range of the hand & shoulder of an affected arm. In rare cases, it can involve other parts of the body....
Cavernous hemangioma is a harmless propagation of the blood vessels, wherein there is a formation of a tumor-like mass of blood vessels in the internal organs or the skin. This vascular tumor is composed of huge quantity of blood. The usual "superficial" lesions have dark to bright red color; lesion...
PAGES: 1 | 2  | 3  | 4  | 5  | 6  | 7  | 8  >> 


Share on Google Plus Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn
Find @ SignsSymptoms.org: Diseases Conditions 'What Is Diseases', Treatments, Signs & Symptoms, Health Articles & Library

Home | About | Contact | Privacy Policy | Sitemap
Copyright 2018 © SignsSymptoms.org - All Rights Reserved