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DISEASES INDEX [B]

Common Diseases List (B): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Babesiosis is an uncommon, vector-borne, malaria-like disease usually caused by ticks or parasites of the genius "Babesia". In areas where babesia is common, such as North America, this disease can be transmitted through blood transfusion....
Baby acne pertains to a skin disease called acne vulgaris affecting newborn infants. Acne vulgaris (or acne) is characterized by inflammatory changes in the skin. Acne lesions are popularly known as pimples or zits & are more common among adolescents....
Baby blues is a type of depression experience by mothers after giving birth. It commonly known & diagnosed as the post-partum depression or the post natal depression of mothers after childbirth....
Baby bottle tooth decay is a common condition among infants. It is where a child's milk teeth decays due to the food he or she consumes. It usually damages the front teeth....
Bacillary angiomatosis (BA) is a bacterial disease brought about by two kinds of bacteria under the Bartonella family: Bartonella henselae & Bartonella quintana. The infection is usually characterized by tumor-like lesions in the skin & other internal organs of the body & can manifest in people affe...
Back curves, or scoliosis is a skeletal deformity in which the back bone curves into an S or C shape. This is a common skeletal illness present among women, but can affect people regardless of age & gender....
Back pain is a relatively common complaint characterized by a painful sensation in the patient's back that may be attributed to a number of conditions....
Bacteremia is a medical condition whereby there is an invasion or spreading of bacteria in the bloodstream of a person thereafter spreading to the other parts of the body resulting into abscesses & inflammation of abdominal cavity....
Bacterial endocarditis it is the swelling & infection of the interior layers of the heart & usually the valves that resulted from bacteria....
Bacterial food poisoning also generally known as foodborne illness it is an illness that it is caused by ingesting a contaminated food....
Bacterial gastroenteritis is a disease caused by a bacterial toxin or bacterial infection, the most usual agent being salmonella, campylobacter & shigella. About 50% reposrted cases of gastroenteritis as food borne illness are because of norovirus & 20% are severe cases occurred in children because ...
Bacterial meningitis definition: Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges - the protective membranes wrapping the central nervous system. This condition may develop as a result of viruses, bacteria & a number of infectious agents. However, it may also occur in people who recently experience physical injury, those with cancer &...
Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by bacteria. The most common cause is the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (J13.) which is also common in all ages except for newly born babies. Another type of bacteria that causes pneumonia is the Staphylococcus aureus (J15.2) these bacteria...
Bacterial Vaginosis Is a type of vaginitis resulting to overgrowth of organisms present in the vagina, which upsets the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina. Bacterial vaginitis can be present in many pregnant women without even knowing that they have it. Sometimes bacterial vaginitis in early ...
Bad breath is known medically as halitosis. It pertains to bad odor emanating from an individual's oral cavity, usually as a result of poor hygiene, certain diets, or bacterial infections....
BAER is an acronym for Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response & it is test measures of ear & brain wave activity that happens in reaction to clicks or certain pitch. There are 3 waves (1, 3 & 5) set for the ear, BAER uses a computer that averages over time to determine background noise to produce an ave...
Baillarger syndrome is a rare neurological food-related condition which can be acquired at birth. It is also known as Frey's syndrome....
Baker's cyst is characterized by a sensation of bulging or tightness accompanied by pain behind the knee. The painful sensation worsens when the affected knee is moved or fully extended. Baker's cyst is also alternatively known as popliteal cyst....
Balance disorders are impairments or complete loss of muscle coordination. A common balance disorder is ataxia, in which involuntary trembling of some parts of the body take place during voluntary motion. This becomes a hindrance in performing precise movements. Balance disorders are a symptom of di...
Balanitis is a medical condition where there is inflammation of the head of the penis names as the glans....
Balantidiasis is an infection of the intestine with parasitic protozoa (Balantidium coli) that results in swelling of the intestine. The disease is commonly acquired thru direct or indirect exposure with pig fecal matter....
Baldness refers to extreme hair loss from an individual's scalp & may be either permanent or temporary. Baldness is known medically as Alopeicia....
Baldness refers to extreme hair loss from an individual's scalp & may be either permanent or temporary. Baldness is known medically as Alopeicia....
Ballard syndrome is an uncommon condition of the liver & spleen that is enlarged it happens in parts of a weakened bone. The disorder is a congenital & commonly prevailing trait. It usually happens as an isolated dysmelia though it can also happen with other abnormalities as part of several heredita...
Balloon angioplasty of the heart is an alternative procedure to bypass surgery in order to treat atherosclerosis. In this process the tip of a rubber balloon is threaded into the affected arteries & then inflated to crush atherosclerotic plaques that cause blockage. This procedure has been proven ef...
Ballooning mitral valve syndrome is a relatively common heart defect characterized by the failure of the mitral valve between the left ventricle & the left atrium to close properly. It is also called mitral valve prolapse or MVP....
Bannayan-Zonana syndrome or other term is Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome is an unusual hamartomatous disorder through the incidence of several subcutaneous macrocephaly, lipomas & hemangiomas. In an autosomal prevailing form the disease is inherited though wild cases have been documented. Hamarto...
Banti's syndrome is also referred to as Banti's disease is a persistent congestive enlargement of the spleen causing in the untimely damage of the red blood cells by the spleen. Though in the past Banti's syndrome describes patients with hypersplenism, splenomegaly & portal hypertension with no cirr...
Bantu siderosis is the overload of iron primarily seen in South African people. It involves unusual iron deposits in the liver. It is said that several African people are liable to an augmented skill to absorb iron. Initially, this was said to be a cause of ungalvanised barrels utilized to keep home...
Barber's itch is a skin condition characterized by the appearance of small, white-headed pimples around one or more hair follicles, usually as a result of infections. Barber's itch is known medically as folliculitis....
Bardet-Biedl syndrome is a hereditary disease mainly characterized by obesity, extra number of fingers and/or toes, hypogonadism, renal failure & pigmentary retinopathy. The cardiovascular system is also plagued with hypertrophy of the interventricular septum & fibrosis in the gastrointestinal tract...
Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 1 is an unusual hereditary or genetic disorder distinguished by mental retardation, polydactyly, obesity & pigmentation of the retina & other anomalies. Bardet-Biedl syndrome, type 1 results from the deficiency in chromosome 11q13....
Bare lymphocyte syndrome is a hereditary immunodeficiency disorder distinguished by T- & B-cell dysfunction & these cells are important in aiding to fight the infection. The group of genes is referred as major histocompatibility compound class II or MHC class II is not articulated. The absence of tr...
Bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 or the other term for the disease is Defective expression of HLA class 2. BLSII genetic basis is not because of the gene MHC II. The result of the mutations in genes is used as the genetic basis that codes for proteins that usually control the expression if the MHC II gene...
Baritosis a condition of the lung, that results from inhaling barium dust or barium that has compounds. It is a condition that is benign generally that does not result to symptoms except for irritation. On chest X-rays the particles of barium can be evident as an opaque shadow on individuals that ha...
A barium enema is another name for colon examination. This procedure is done to examine the small & large intestines to diagnose if there are any perforations, thickening or other abnormalities in the colon area. This procedure is done by inserting a well-lubricated enema tube with a barium medium i...
Barlow's syndrome is a relatively common congenital heart disorder in which one or both of the mitral valve's leaflets abnormally protrude into the left atrium during systole. Barlow's syndrome is also known as mitral valve prolapse....
Barmah forest virus is a type of virus whose carrier is a mosquitoes thriving usually in Australia....
Barotitis media is a sensation of pain or discomfort in the ears during an airplane ride. It is also alternatively known as airplane ear....
Barotrauma pertains to physical damage to tissues as a consequence of pressure differences between an air space inside the body & the surrounding liquid or gas. Typically, barotrauma occurs when an individual rapidly moves to & from a higher pressure environment; such as when a scuba diver rapidly a...
Barrett's Esophagus is a condition marked by the changes in color & composition of the cells lining the lower esophagus due to repeated stomach acid exposure often due to long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)....
Barrett's syndrome, also known as "Barrett's esophagus", "CELLO" or simply "Barrett's" is a condition wherein patients experience an abnormal change in the cells of the lower part of the esophagus. Named after Dr. Norman Barrett, a British surgeon from St. Thomas Hospital that described the conditio...
Barth syndrome also recognized as 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type II & Cardiomyopathy-neutropenia syndrome it is an unusual hereditary disorder categorized by a lot of signs & symptoms & also includes motor skills being delayed, metabolism distortion, stamina deficiency, chronic fatigue, cardiomyop...
Bartholin cyst pertains to a swelling or bulging of Bartholin's glands, usually as a result of obstruction or infection of the vaginal opening....
Bartholin's abscess is caused by the build-up of pus that will eventually form a lump or swelling in one of the Bartholin's glands. This is located on either side of the vaginal opening....
Bartonella infections previously known as Rochalimaea it is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Bartonella species may contaminate healthy people though are considered particularly essential as opportunistic pathogens. Bartonella is spread by insect vectors like fleas, ticks, sand flies & mosquitoes....
Bartter syndrome, classic form is an unusual hereditary abnormality in the thick ascending limb of the ring of Henle. It is distinguished by decreased potassium levels, low acidity of blood (alkalosis) & regular to decreased blood pressure. 2 types of Barter syndrome: Neonatal Bartter syndrome Class...
Basal cell cancer is a frequently occurring type of skin cancer. However, it is also the most easy to treat & has the least likelihood of spreading. In general, basal cell cancer is seldom fatal; however, if untreated, it can cause widespread damage to surrounding bones & tissues....
Basal cell carcinoma most usual form of skin cancer & it can be damaging & disfiguring. The danger of growing BCC is elevated for persons with a family history of the illness & with an elevated increasing contact to UV light by means of sunlight or were uncovered to carcinogenic chemicals, particula...
Basal ganglia diseases or also known as basal nuclei are a collection of nuclei in the brain interrelated with the cerebral cortex, thalamus & brainstem....
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