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DISEASES INDEX [A]

Common Diseases List (A): Find medical advices, information and definitions about common diseases, illnesses, disorders, syndroms and deficincies. What are the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, management, and treatments information. Click the disease link to view details.

Aagenaes syndrome is a condition which is characterized by inborn hypoplasia of the lymph vessels. This eventually causes recurring cholestasis on the formative years lymphedema on the legs. This could develop into hepatic cirrhosis & giant cell hepatitis (which could occur with portal tract fibrosi...
Aarskog Ose Pande syndrome is a rare type of medical disorder where the main symptoms include lipodystrophy on the buttocks & face. Since this is an adipose tissue defect, the loss of body fat in the body could get severe & this state could progress extensively. There are three kinds of lipodystroph...
Aarskog syndrome is an inherited disorder that is often characterized by abnormalities of the face, short stature, genital abnormalities & mucoloskeletal anomalies....
Aase smith syndrome (or aase syndrome) definition: Aase Smith syndrome also known as Aase syndrome is a very rare disorder that can be inherited. It is often characterized by skeletal & joint defects. Aase syndrome is known as an autosomal dominant condition. The genetic origin of the illness is still not known. Anemia which results from this syndro...
Aase syndrome is a rare congenital defect characterized by anemia accompanied with certain skeletal deformities....
Aaviophobia is a fear of being on a plane while in flight. Other names include aviatophobia, aerophobia & pteromerhanophobia. The condition is considered more of a symptom rather than a disease. When fear of flying reaches a level that can significantly interfere with a person's ability to travel by...
Abasia is a condition where the patient is unable to walk due to impaired muscle synchronization. This means that the patient lacks motor synchronization in walking. With this condition, the foundation of gait (this is the distance of the two feet when measured sideways) is not constant or cannot be...
Abdominal aortic aneurysm can be diagnosed on anyone but the most viable candidates are men aged over 60. Couple this range of age with some of the common risk factors & the patient is on his way to developing this condition. This disorder happens when a blood vessel enlarges abnormally or causes a ...
Abdominal cystic lymphangioma definition: Cystic lymphangioma is a very rare tumor (comprises just about 6% of tumors that are benign in children) which is often located in the axillary or cervical regions. Sometimes, there are exceptional cases where it is situated in the abdomen. When it is situated in the abdomen, it becomes a rare type ...
Abdominal defects definition: Defects of the abdominal wall are comparatively common fetal abnormalities. It occurs in about 1 in every 2,000 births. Majority of these defects of the abdominal wall cannot be detected early on in pregnancy. When a defect is detected, it is necessary to pinpoint what type of defect it is so that p...
Abdominal migraine is a kind of migraine commonly experienced by children. It is characterized by abdominal pain, vomiting & nausea. These migraines are thought to be present in the child's family members as well....
Abdominal pain is is a medical condition that is characterized by the occurrence of the pain felt in the abdomen....
Abercrombie syndrome, also known as amyloid degeneration, is a progressive decay of the organ tissues due to the excessive amyloid infiltration that eats up the tissue fibers. It is sometimes known as waxy degeneration....
Aberrant subclavian artery is also known as the aberrant subclavian artery syndrome. This condition is a rare anatomical variety of the source of the left or the right subclavian artery. This abnormality has the most number of cases when it comes to the anomaly of inborn vascular aortic arch. The ab...
Abetalipoproteinemia is a rare hereditary disorder that hinders regular absorption of fact from digested food. Patients with the disease lack the vitamins A, D, E & K....
Ablepharon macrostomia syndrome or AMS is a very uncommon genetic disorder that can be inherited. This syndrome is characterized by various physical defects which usually affect areas of the face, fingers, skin & the genitalia (penis symptoms & some defects on the testes). Patients of AMS could also...
Abnormal uterine bleeding refers to the excessive flow of blood during menstruation. The common symptoms of this condition are a massive menstrual discharge accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen....
Abscess is a collection of pus or dead neutrophils that has mount up in a cavity made by the tissue on the basis of an infectious process or other foreign materials....
Abscess bartholin definition: Abscess, bartholin (Bartholin's abscess) is characterized by the accumulation of pus that results in the formation of a lump or swelling in one of the Batholin glands, which are located on each side of the vaginal opening....
Absence seizure is more commonly known as the petit mal seizure that involves some a brief episodes or some sudden lapse of conscious activity. This occurs most often in children. Absence seizure may often look like the individual is only staring into space for a several seconds. This means in compa...
Absent t lymphocytes definition: The deficiency or absence of T lymphocytes is a rare immuno-deficiency condition which is characterized by the lack of CD8(+) T lymphocytes & the absence or depression of the function of the T cell. A mutation of the gene for ZAP-70 (tyrosine kinase which has notable effects on indicating through th...
The Abt-Letterer-Siwe disease is a rare but rapidly progressive form of hystiocytosis. This condition is brought about by excessively high levels of hystiocytesin the bone marrow. This disease is difficult to treat & is associated with diabetes insipidius....
Acanthamoeba infection definition: Acanthamoeba refers to the microscopic & free-living ameba that is relatively found to be quite common in the environment. This ameba can cause a number of infections that affects human beings called acanthamoeba infection....
Acanthocheilonemiasis is an uncommon tropical infectious illness which is caused by Acanthocheilonema perstans, a parasite. This parasite causes rashes of the skin, chest & abdominal pains, joint & muscle pains, lumps on the skin & also neurologic defects. This disease is often transmitted when smal...
Acanthocheilonemiasis perstans is a tropical contagious illness characterized by purities, pain in the chest & abdomen an enlarged spleen. This is a rare disease caused by the bit of flies known as A. coliroides that can be found in Africa. The disease can be treated by antibiotics & is diagnosed by...
Acanthocytosis is a phenotype of the red cell which can be found in different fundamental conditions. Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome or Abetalipoproteinemia; & an acute disease of the liver (spur cell hemolytic anemia) are the most common conditions that can be associated with acanthocytosis. Acantha is ...
Acanthocytosis chorea definition: The mean age of the start of chorea-acanthocystosis or ChAc is approximately at age 35. There are a few cases, though, where it can occur as early as the initial decade or it can be as late as the 70th year of life. It runs a persistent progressive course & it may end up as a major disability in jus...
Acanthocytosis-Neurologic disorder, also known as neuroacanthocytosis, is a rare automsomal recessive disorder. This disease is characterized by muscle degeneration due to uncontrolled muscle movements & dysfunctional red blood cells. This disease usually begins during early adulthood....
Acanthosis Nigricans is a dermatological condition where the skin appears to be brown to black in color. It also appears to be poorly defined, often velvety & is considered to be a state of hyperpigmentation. This is usually present in the lateral & posterior folds of the groin, the neck, the axilla...
Acanthotic nevus is an alternate name for seborrheic keratosis. It is a rare skin disease that consists of discolored lesions that appear to be oily. Since these lesions seem to be stuck on the epidermis, they are sometimes mistaken for cancerous growths. Acanthotic nevus develops usually on people ...
Accessory pancreas is a medical condition that is rare & in which there are little clusters of pancreatic cells that are distinct from the pancreas. This condition could occur in the mesentery of small intestines, duodenal walls, the upper portion of the jejunum or, in its rarest form-in the stomach...
Accutane embryopathy is a set of congenital defects incurred by an infant due to the mother's intake of the drug accutane. An infant with accutane embryopathy is borne with malformations in the face & internal organs & abnormalities in the central nervous system. Pregnant women are likewise advised ...
Achalasia also called esophageal achalasia; cardiospasm, achalasia cardiae; dyssynergia esophagus or esophageal aperistalsis; is an esophageal motility disease. This disorder manifests an impaired peristalsis of the smooth muscle level of the esophagus. Peristalsis is the term used to describe the m...
Achard-thiers syndrome definition: The Achard Thiers syndrome, also called the Diabetic Bearded Woman syndrome or diabete des femmes a barbe, is a rare disease which occurs commonly among women who are in their postmenopausal stage. Its name was derived from the combination of the names of Joseph Thiers & Emile Achard. This is charac...
Acheiropodia is a disorder that is autosomal recessive in nature & which results into hemimelia (or the lack of distal extremities formation). This is an inborn defect consisting of aplasia of the patient's feet & hands & also distal lower & upper extremities bilateral amputations. This disease is f...
Achilles Tendinitis is inflammation ans irritation of the Achilles tendon usually resulting due to sudden increase in the intensity or frequency of exercise....
The Achilles tendon rupture is the damage of the large & fibrous cord that naturally connects the lower leg to the heel bone. The person may initially hear a snap followed by a sharp pain at the back of the ankle as well as in the lower leg. Such injuries may be improved with home treatment. However...
Acholuric jaundice is a form of jaundice in which there is no bile in the urine. This is hereditary disorder in which bililrubin was not able to produce bile pigments causing now yellowish color on the organs & the skin....
Achondrogenesis definition: Marco Fraccaro was the very first person to observe & record the description of achondrogenesis in the year 1952. Fraccaro used this name in description of a stillborn female who was afflicted with acute micromelia & apparent changes on her histological cartilage. This term was then coined to charac...
Achondroplasia is a kind of autosomal disorder of the dominant genes which commonly causes dwarfism. Achondroplastic dwarfs are short in stature & their average height when they reach adulthood is at 123 centimeters (about 4 feet & 0.6 inches) for females & 131 centimeters (about 4 feet & 3.8 inches...
Achondroplastic Dwarfism is a medical condition characterized by the occurrence of the disturbance of the growth of the bones....
Achromatopsia or ACHM is a condition where the patient is unable to perceive color. Although this name may also be used to refer to acquired defects such as cerebral achromatopsia or color agnosia, it normally refers to a congenital disorder of the vision which is autosomal recessive in nature. It c...
Acid Beta-glucosidase deficiency is a rare genetic biochemical defect characterized by the lack of glucocerebrosidase enzyme in the body. This is usually presented by a greater tendency to form bruises, fatigue, femoral head necrosis & an enlarged abdomen. It is sometimes called Gaucher's disease....
Acid Ceramidase deficiency, also known as Farber's disease, is a rare infantile disease that is characterized by multiple ceramide containing nodules underneath the skin. These nodules can cause swelling in the abdominal area, painful swelling of arteries & psychomotor retardation. No specific treat...
Acid maltase deficiency or AMD is a type of autosomal recessive disorder which is characterized by an extreme buildup of glycogen contained by vacuoles (in almost all cell types) that are lysosome-derived. Quantities of free extralysosomal glycogen that are in excess have also been depicted. AMD was...
Acid reflux is a result of the inflammation of the esophagus due to the presence of gastric acid coming from the stomach. It is commonly known as heartburn. Acid reflux can be treated by weight loss management & medications that help reduce gastric acid production, as well as surgical procedures....
Acidemia, isovaleric definition: Isovaleric Acidemia or isovaleric aciduria is an autosomal metabolic illness which prevents or disturbs the normal metabolism of branched-chain amino acid leucine. It is a traditional form of organic academia....
Acidemia, propionic definition: Propionic acidemia also known as propionic aciduria or ketotic glycinemia is an uncommon metabolic disorder which is characterized by the deficiency of propionyl CoA carboxylase (an enzyme that is involved in breaking down the amino acids). It is categorized as branched-chain organic acidemia which ...
Acinetobacter infection definition: Acinetobacter refers to a particular group of bacteria that is commonly found in soil as well as in water. It can also thrive in the healthy skins of people, especially among healthcare personnel, causing all types of diseases. The acinetobacter infection is mostly contracted inside a healthcare fac...
Acl injury definition: Athletes are more likely to suffer from anterior cruciate ligament injury or ACL, but quite uncommon for the general public who are not subjected to strenuous physical activities. An anterior cruciate is one of the two ligaments that crosses in the middle of the knee, connecting the thighbone & the ...
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